Te Pihoihoi Mokemoke i runga i te tuanui
The ground-lark that sits alone upon the roof
Published: February 2, 1863 - March 23, 1863. Otawhao, Te Awamutu.
260 x 190mm., mostly 4 pages, single and double columns, all Maori, issued weekly, no illustrations or decorative masthead, no advertisements, probably distributed free of charge. In issue No. 1 the imprint at the end reads "Otawhao:-I taia ki te perehi o te Kura"[Otawhao:-Printed at the school press], in issues 2, 3, and 4 "I taia ki te Perehi o te Kura kei Otawhao" [Printed on the school's Press at Otawhao], and in the last issue "I taia ki te perehi kei Otawhao"[Printed on the Press at Otawhao]. Otawhao was a mission settlement just north of present day Te Awamutu. Sir George Grey established a technical school there for Maori boys in the 1850s with Gorst as the principal teacher (Cowan, 1922 Vol. I: 236-7).
The newspaper was edited and published by John Gorst (later Sir), the Resident Magistrate for Waikato, on behalf of the Government. It was produced by the Government to counter the Māori King's newspaper, Te Hokioi (Item 14).
There were five issues published, the last on March 23, 1863. For further physical details refer to Herbert W. Williams, A Bibliography of Printed Maori to 1900, Item 368
This paper is written in Maori.
The newspaper's title alludes to Psalm 102, verse 7 "I watch and am as a sparrow alone upon the house top" (Grayland, 1969: 11).
Governor Grey personally edited the first issue:
An article entitled "Te Kino o Te Mahi Kingi" (ibid. : 2) [The Audacity of setting up a King] resulted in Rewi Maniapoto threatening to expel the press from Te Awamutu. In March 1863 a party of warriors with firearms arrived at the printing office, sacked the building and carried off the press, the type and all the printed sheets (Gorst, 1864: 336-343).
According to the Editor of Te Hokioi, not all King Movement supporters agreed with Rewi's action; amongst those opposed were Wiremu Tamihana and Patara Te Tuhi.
Contents of this newspaper include:
This newspaper is on microfilm and microfiche. Original copies are held at:
Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington:
Auckland Public Library:
Auckland University Library:
Canterbury Public Library, Christchurch:
Hocken Library, Dunedin:
Victoria University, Wellington: