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close this bookDisasters and Development (Department of Humanitarian Affairs/United Nations Disaster Relief Office - United Nations Development Programme , 1994, 55 p.)
close this folderPART 1 - The relationship between disasters and development
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentDefinition of terms
View the documentHow disaster effects can vary from one type of hazard to another
View the documentHow vulnerability varies between and within countries
View the documentCASE STUDIES
View the documentSUMMARY


The relationship between disasters and development can be summed up with the following four concepts:

- development can increase vulnerability
- development can reduce vulnerability
- disasters can set back development
- disasters can provide development opportunities

Disaster effects vary with the hazard type causing the disaster.

Vulnerability varies between different societies and economies. Four basic types of economies analyzed are:

- newly industrializing economies
- rural/agricultural economies
- small island economies
- highly stressed economies