|An Overview of Disaster Management (Department of Humanitarian Affairs/United Nations Disaster Relief Office - United Nations Development Programme , 1992, 136 p.)|
|PART FOUR: DISASTER MITIGATION|
|Chapter 14. UN assistance to disaster mitigation|
Projects whose activities are located in known hazardous areas must be appraised from a disaster risk perspective, regardless of their sector or institutional framework. This is the same approach used to review projects from an environmental perspective, or from a women-in-development perspective. This applies to the reviews conducted at both field and headquarters levels. While it may be easy to see the necessity for incorporating risk reduction in a project involving the construction of infrastructure, it also applies to institution-building projects. For example, health personnel should be trained in how to deal with the aftermath of a disaster, and school teachers should be involved in organizing their communities response to warnings.
Appraisals must consider whether the project and its outputs might be adversely affected by, and therefore need to be protected against, a hazard; whether it will increase the vulnerability of the population in the area, or worsen the existing hazard or create a new one.
The appraisal must determine whether adequate safeguards - possibly including specific risk reduction measures - are built into the project, and if not, what further steps should be taken to assure that they are.
The Disasters and Development (DAD) Project Review Form (Appendix 2B of the manual) should be completed and attached to the Project Document for use in project reviews and evaluations. The results of the appraisal should be reflected in sections D and J of the PFF, and B6(f) and F of the Project Document.
If a project can make a significant contribution to risk reduction (directly or indirectly), this should be so noted in sections of both the PFF and the Project Document as a problem to be addressed. This should also be noted as a project objective, and the corresponding outputs, activities and inputs be specified.
UNDRO should be invited to review and comment, from a risk perspective, on projects whose activities would be located in areas prone to sudden disasters (natural or technological).