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close this bookConducting Environmental Impact Assessment in Developing Countries (United Nations University, 1999, 375 p.)
close this folder7. EIA communication
close this folder7.3 Communication to the public
close this folder7.3.3 Public participation techniques
View the document(introduction...)
View the document7.3.3.1 Media techniques
View the document7.3.3.2 Research techniques
View the document7.3.3.3 Political techniques
View the document7.3.3.4 Structured group techniques
View the document7.3.3.5 Large group meetings
View the document7.3.3.6 Bureaucratic decentralization
View the document7.3.3.7 Interveners


A wide variety of techniques can be used to facilitate public participation in EIA. These techniques can be classified as media-based, research, political, structured group, large group, bureaucratic decentralization, and intervener techniques. Media techniques

Participatory radio and television, newsletters, news releases, public service announcements, advertisements. Research techniques

Sample polls, community profiles. Political techniques

Citizen referendum lobbying, lobbying. Structured group techniques

Nominal groups, Delphi techniques, workshops. Large group meetings

Public hearings, public meetings. Bureaucratic decentralization

Field office, information van. Interveners

Citizen advisory committees, advocacy planning, ad hoc committees.