|Conducting Environmental Impact Assessment in Developing Countries (United Nations University, 1999, 375 p.)|
|7. EIA communication|
|7.3 Communication to the public|
|7.3.3 Public participation techniques|
A wide variety of techniques can be used to facilitate public participation in EIA. These techniques can be classified as media-based, research, political, structured group, large group, bureaucratic decentralization, and intervener techniques.
Participatory radio and television, newsletters, news releases, public service announcements, advertisements.
Sample polls, community profiles.
Citizen referendum lobbying, lobbying.
Nominal groups, Delphi techniques, workshops.
Public hearings, public meetings.
Field office, information van.
Citizen advisory committees, advocacy planning, ad hoc committees.