Cover Image
close this bookBanning Anti-Personnel Mines - The Ottawa Treaty Explained (International Committee of the Red Cross , 1998, 24 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
close this folder1. The landmine problem and progress towards a ban treaty
View the document1.1 The need for a ban treaty
View the document1.2 The existing law
View the document1.3 The Ottawa process
close this folder2. The Ottawa treaty
View the document(introduction...)
View the document2.1 What is an anti-personnel mine?
close this folder2.2 The elements of a comprehensive ban treaty
View the document(introduction...)
View the document2.2.1 An end to use
View the document2.2.2 A prohibition on development and production
View the document2.2.3 A prohibition on stockpiling
View the document2.2.4 A prohibition on transfer
View the document2.2.5 Other prohibited activities
close this folder2.3 Addressing the problem: mine clearance and assistance to victims
View the document(introduction...)
View the document2.3.1 Clearing mined areas
View the document2.3.2 Assisting the victims
View the document2.4 Entry into force
close this folder2.5 Ensuring compliance with the treaty
View the document(introduction...)
View the document2.5.1 Reporting on implementation
View the document2.5.2 Settling disputes
View the document2.5.3 Resolving doubts about compliance
View the document2.5.4 National efforts to prevent violations
View the document2.5.5 Reviewing implementation of the treaty
View the document2.5.6 Strengthening and updating the treaty
View the document2.6 Reservations
View the document2.7 Withdrawal
View the document3. Beyond the Ottawa treaty
View the documentAnnex I: Glossary of legal and technical terms
View the documentAnnex II: Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-personnel Mines and on Their Destruction
View the documentAnnex III: List of Signatories as at 1 March 1999*

2.2.3 A prohibition on stockpiling

In addition to prohibiting the development, production and use of anti-personnel mines, the Ottawa treaty precludes a country from stockpiling them (see Art. 1, para. 1 (b)). A country is not allowed to purchase, procure, or otherwise obtain the devices.

Furthermore, any existing stocks must be destroyed within four years of the date on which the treaty enters into force for a given country (see Art. 4). States requiring assistance in order to ensure the destruction of anti-personnel mines within the specified time period may apply to other States Parties to the treaty for such assistance (see Art. 6).

However, a country is permitted to retain or transfer a limited quantity of mines for training in mine-detection, mine-clearance, and mine-destruction techniques. The number of mines kept shall not exceed the minimum number absolutely necessary for such purposes (see Art. 3, para. 1). At the time of the adoption of the treaty in Oslo, a number of governments declared they would retain no more than a few thousand mines.