|Managing Natural Disasters and the Environment (World Bank, 1991, 232 p.)|
|About the contributors|
|Managing environmental degradation and natural disasters: an overview|
|Climate hazards, climatic change, and development planning|
|Which costs more: prevention or recovery?|
|Case study: Rio Flood Reconstruction and Prevention Project|
|Case study: La Paz Municipal Development Project|
|The International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction|
|Minimizing the greenhouse effect|
|Development: from vulnerability to resilience|
|Case study: housing reconstruction in Mexico City|
|Living with floods: alternatives for riverine flood mitigation|
|Case study: creating job and income opportunities for refugees in Pakistan|
|Managing drought and locust invasions in Africa|
|Disasters and development in East Africa|
|The link between reconstruction and development|
|Disaster response: generic or agent-specific?|
|Integrated planning for natural and technological disasters|
|Economic incentives and disaster mitigation|
|Coastal zone management|
|Disaster insurance in New Zealand|
|Case study: reconstruction after North Chinas earthquake|
|Case study: Nepal Municipal Development and Earthquake Reconstruction Project|
|Training in the Asian-Pacific region|
|Remote sensing and technology transfer in developing countries|
|Case study: Minas Gerais Forestry Development Project|
|Case study: Da Xing An Ling Forest Fire Rehabilitation Project|
|Case study: Sudan Emergency Flood Reconstruction Program|
|UNDP coordination of disaster and development planning|
|The role of nongovernment organizations in Sri Lanka|
|Managing natural hazards|
|Case study: Taiz Flood Disaster Prevention and Municipal Development Project|
|Writing an action plan for disaster preparedness in Africa|
|List of colloquium discussants, moderators, and speakers|
|Key to acronyms, initials, and abbreviations|
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In the past three decades, the number of natural disasters has risen and the world has become increasingly aware of the relationship between the declining quality of the earths environment and the frequency and severity of earthly catastrophes. On June 27-28, 1990, the World Bank sponsored a colloquium in Washington, D.C., to promote the exchange of experiences of and ideas about the environment and disaster management.
The papers in this book represent the concerns expressed at that colloquium. They explore the two-way relationship between environmental degradation and vulnerability to disaster - and their combined effects on both natural and man-made habitats.
One disaster often leads to another: high windstorms are followed by floods and landslides, floods by drought, and drought by pest epidemics. Such chains of disaster result partly from the tendency of natural disasters to debilitate the environment; they are aided in this by some human activities. The same cycle results whether the cause of degradation is natural or springs from human effort. But environmental degradation intensifies the effects of disaster.
Both disasters and environmental degradation threaten human and natural habitats, but disasters are often seen as motors of natural change quite beyond human control. This is not true. Prevention does not mean halting such trigger events as earthquakes and cyclones but rather minimizing their impact on our environment. Many of the papers in this volume suggest how to improve our management of disasters, the environment, and the important relationship between them.
Cover Design: Joyce Petruzzelli
Photo Credits: James Mason, Black Star (Volcano), Curt Carnemark (Balinese Field)