About the contributors
Manuel Aguilera Gomez is general secretary of the
Government of Mexico City, in charge of the Civil Protection Unit. Mr. Aguilera
was director general of the Popular Housing Reconstruction Unit (RHP), the
organization responsible for the reconstruction of 90,000 low-income housing
units in Mexico City.
Mary B. Anderson is a development economist and president
of a small consulting firm, the Collaborative for Development Action, Inc., in
Cambridge, Massachusetts. Ms. Anderson has focused her research on consulting on
rural development, the gender variable in development planning, education
policy, and disaster response.
N. Erik A. Arrhenius is principal advisor on science and
technology to the vice president of sector and policy research at the World
Bank. At the University of Stockholm, he is professor of the management of
natural resources and director of the Institute for the Management of Natural
Resources. He was science advisor to Swedens prime minister and secretary
general for the Swedish Parliaments Commission on Natural Resources and
Stephen O. Bender has been project chief of the Natural
Hazard Risk Assessment and Disaster Mitigation Pilot Project at the Organization
of American States since 1983. He most recently guided the development of the
OAS Natural Hazards Project from its conception through its implementation as a
major technical assistance and training program active throughout Latin America
and the Caribbean.
Jonathan C. Brown is division chief of the East Africa
Departments Infrastructure Operations Division at the World Bank. He has
been with the Bank since 1973, working in eastern and western Africa in country
operations, agriculture, human resources, and transportation. He also was the
resident representative in Senegal in 1978-81.
John R. Clark is a senior research associate at the
School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Miami, where he is
involved with international coastal management and planning. He has also worked
for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Sandy Hook Marine Laboratory in New
Jersey, the Conservation Foundation (in the then-new federal Coastal Zone
Management Program), and the International Affairs Office of the National Park
Michael A. Cohen is chief of the Urban Development
Division of the Infrastructure and Urban Development Department of the World
Bank. Mr. Cohen has worked in the Bank since 1972, primarily on projects and
policy formulations in the urban sector. He has extensive field experience in
Africa and Asia.
Frederick C. Cuny is founder and chairman of Intertect, a
consulting firm providing technical assistance, research and training on
disaster mitigation, prevention, and recovery. Mr. Cuny also works with refugee
Daniel D.C. Don Nanjira is Kenyas ambassador to the
United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization in Rome and to the countries of
Italy, Poland, Greece, Turkey, Cyprus, and Malta. Previously, Mr. Don Nanjira
was deputy to the director of the UN Disaster Relief Office in New York.
Edward G. Echeverria is currently a consultant to the
World Bank on a number of urban development projects. Prior to his World Bank
appointments, Mr. Echeverria was a partner in a planning and architectural firm
involved in urban development projects in Delhi and Calcutta, coastal
development, and disaster reconstruction.
Lloyd B. Falck is executive chair of the New Zealand
Earthquake and War Damage Commission, the government-owned disaster insurance
agency. He is also deputy chair of the Works and Development Services
Corporation Ltd., the largest consultancy and construction company in New
Austin Fernando is chief executive officer of Sri
Lankas National Reconstruction Steering Committee.
Hassan M. Hassan is a senior environmental specialist
with the World Banks Assessment and Programs Division where he is the
leader of the Center for Earth Resource Analysis. Previously he was director of
the Regional Remote Sensing Center in Nairobi, Kenya.
Chen Hong is director of the Department of Disaster and
Social Relief of the Chinese Ministry of Civil Affairs and director of the
Office of the Chinese National Committee for the International Decade for
Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR).
Alcira G. Kreimer is a senior environmental specialist
with the World Banks Environmental Policy Division where she provides
advice on policy, research, and operations for disaster prevention, mitigation,
and recovery. She organized the Colloquium and is the Banks representative
to the UN steering committee for the IDNDR. She has extensive experience in
prevention, mitigation, and development issues.
Wayne Luscombe is a senior environmental specialist with
the World Banks Environment Department, Center for Earth Resource
Braz Menezes is a principal urban planner with the World
Banks Infrastructure Operations Division where he works in urban
development projects for the Brazil Department.
Neelam S. Merani is director of the Secretariat for the
International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction. Mr. Merani was previously
director for Policy Development and External Relations at the United Nations
Environment Programme (UNEP).
Mohamed Muhsin is a senior country officer for Sudan and
Ethiopia with the World Banks Eastern African Country Operations Division.
Mohan Munasinghe is chief of the World Banks
Environmental Policy Division. He was previously division chief for energy and
infrastructure operations in the Latin America and the Caribbean Region. During
1982-86 he served as senior advisor to the President of Sri Lanka.
Andrew S. Natsios is director of the U.S. Agency for
International Developments Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance
(OFDA). Previously, Mr. Natsios was a member of the Massachusetts State
Idris M. Nur is head of the Natural Resources Division of
the Organization of Africa Unity in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, where his main areas
of concern are food and agriculture, nutrition, disasters, and water resources
Thomas R. Odhiambo has been director of the International
Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology in Kenya since 1978. At the same time,
he has held positions in academia and the public sector.
Jelena Pantelic is a research scientist and assistant
director of the National Center for Earthquake Engineering at the State
University of New York at Buffalo. She also coordinates the Centers
Disaster Research and Planning Program.
Martha Preece is a consultant in the World Banks
Environment Department, Policy and Research Division. Since 1978 Ms. Preece has
worked on policy evaluation and research for environmental protection and
natural resources management in developing countries.
E.L. Quarantelli is a research professor at the Disaster
Research Center at the University of Delaware, where he co-founded the Center
and served as its director from 1963 through 1989. The first president of the
International Research Committee on Disasters, he has also been the editor of
Mass Emergencies and Disasters and the International Journal of Mass
Emergencies and Disasters.
Stephen Rattien is executive director of the Commission
of Geosciences, Environment, and Resources of the U.S. National Research
Council, the research arm of the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy
of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine.
William Riebsame is director of the Natural Hazards
Center at the University of Colorado at Boulder, a national clearinghouse for
information on natural hazards response and mitigation. Mr. Riebsames
research centers on the social effects of climatic hazards, such as drought and
severe weather, and the effect of climate change on natural resources.
Seyril R. Siegel is chief of division I of the Regional
Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean of the United Nations Development
Programme. She is currently the UNDPs resident representative in
Charles Sykes is the assistant executive director of
CARE, responsible for liaison with the World Bank, the U.S. government, and
private international relief and development organizations in the Washington,
Kenzo Toki is a professor at Kyoto Universitys
Disaster Prevention Research Institute and has been involved in earthquake
engineering research for 25 years.
Parviz S. Towfighi is chief of interagency affairs in the
Office of the Executive Director of the United Nations Center on Human
Jurg H. Vittani is senior relief advisor to the
undersecretary general for operations at the League of Red Cross and Red
Crescent Societies in Geneva. Mr. Vittani was involved in most of the major
disaster relief operations coordinated by the League in the last 25 years.
Horst Wagner is a forestry specialist with the World
Banks Asia Technical Department. Mr. Wagner has been with the Bank since
1974, working on forestry issues for the Latin America and East Africa Regions.
Thomas Waltz was a consultant to the Office of the Vice
President, Sector Policy and Research in the World Bank.
Brian A.O. Ward has been director of the Asian Disaster
Preparedness Center at the Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, since the
Center was established in January 1986. Before that, he worked for more than ten
years as a consultant for UNDRO or as a delegate for the League of Red Cross and
Red Crescent Societies, undertaking relief or predisaster planning missions to
countries in Asia and Africa.
Peter Witham is on the staff of the United Nations
Development Programme, Planning and Coordination