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close this bookVulnerability and Risk Assessment - 2nd Edition (Department of Humanitarian Affairs/United Nations Disaster Relief Office - Disaster Management Training Programme - United Nations Development Programme , 1994, 70 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentUnited Nations reorganization and the Disaster Management Training Programme
View the documentIntroduction
Open this folder and view contentsPart 1 - Understanding risk
Open this folder and view contentsPart 2 - Assessing risk and vulnerability
Open this folder and view contentsPart 3 - Appraising disaster mitigation options
View the documentEnd notes
View the documentAnnex 1: Acronyms
View the documentAnnex 2: Additional reading
View the documentGlossary
View the documentModule evaluation

Introduction

Purpose and scope

This training module, Vulnerability and Risk Assessment, is designed to introduce this aspect of disaster management to an audience of UN organization professionals who form disaster management teams, as well as to government counterpart agencies, NGOs and donors. This training is designed to increase the audience's awareness of the nature and management of disasters, leading to better performance in disaster preparedness and response.

The content has been written by experts in the field of disaster management and in general follows the UNDP/UNDRO Disaster Management Manual and its principles, procedures, and terminology. However, terminology in this field is not standardized and authors from different institutions may use the same terms in slightly different ways. Therefore, there is a glossary of terms used in this module at the end of this text. Definitions found in the glossary are those of the UNDP/UNDRO Disaster Management Manual. Definitions in the text also include technical definitions proposed by DHA expert groups.

Overview of this module

The evidence shows that losses from natural and human-made disasters are increasing, causing death and injury to many millions, leading to the destruction of property, and continually setting back the efforts of the poorest countries to develop their economies.

Enough is now known about the causes and frequencies of disasters and their likely effects for us to begin to estimate future losses, and plan to reduce them as a part of an overall development strategy.

This module examines the scope for measuring the risk of future losses and for using this knowledge to assist in the selection of an appropriate disaster mitigation strategy.

It considers the nature of risk, and the difference between actual and perceived risk; it discusses the techniques by which natural hazards and the accompanying risk of future losses can be estimated; and it discusses the ways in which future risk estimates can be used to assist the choice of the optimum disaster mitigation strategy.

Training methods

This module is intended for two audiences, the self-study learner and the participant in a training workshop. The following training methods are planned for use in workshops and are simulated in the accompanying "training guide". For the self-study learner the text is as close to a tutor as can be managed in print.

Workshop training methods include:

· group discussions
· simulations/role plays
· supplementary handouts
· videos
· review sessions
· self-assessment exercises


The self-study learner is invited to use this text as a workbook. In addition to note-taking in the margins, you will be given the opportunity to stop and examine your learning along the way through questions included in the text. Write down your answers to these questions before proceeding to ensure that you have captured key points in the text.