Disaster mitigation in UNDP country programming
In keeping with the aims of the International Decade for Natural
Disaster Reduction, the UNDP/UNDRO Disaster Management Manual outlines
the policy goals of UNDP and DHA as:
to strengthen the abilities
of societies to avoid, or protect themselves, their property and means of
livelihood, from natural hazards.
to ensure that programs and projects
funded by UNDP do not exacerbate the potential adverse effects of natural
hazards, nor increase the risk of disaster, but rather lead to an avoidance of
disaster or a lessening of adverse effects.
to encourage the integration of disaster
prevention, mitigation and preparedness measures in planning and budgetary
processes related to development in all sectors.
to facilitate exchanges between
disaster-prone countries of experience, knowledge and skills related to disaster
The country programming exercise offers an opportunity for UNDP
to assess its potential contribution to assist governments to develop their
institutional capacity in disaster management. This should include both:
mitigation projects in risk
assessment or disaster preparedness in areas of especially high risk and
incorporating mitigation into other
development projects within the country program.
UNDP Resident Representatives are expected to consider the
possibilities for promoting appropriate disaster prevention, mitigation and
preparedness measures during the regular country programming process and in the
planning of post-disaster rehabilitation and reconstruction assistance. This
requires a risk assessment study (see module on Vulnerability and Risk
Assessment) which should be formulated in consultation with DHA and the UN
Disaster Management Team.
The UNDP/UNDRO Disaster Management Manual lists the
following aspects with which the Resident Representatives should be familiar in
order to assess the priorities which should be given to disaster management
aspects, the need for specific disaster management projects and the extent to
which risk mitigation measures should be incorporated into other sectors.
The manual also gives detailed guidance on how to include
disaster mitigation considerations into the formulation and appraisal of