Cover Image
close this bookDisaster Mitigation - 2nd Edition (Department of Humanitarian Affairs/United Nations Disaster Relief Office - Disaster Management Training Programme - United Nations Development Programme , 1994, 64 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentUnited Nations reorganization and the Disaster Management Training Programme
View the documentIntroduction
close this folderPart 1 - Introduction to mitigation concepts
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentThe sanitary revolution: a paradigm for disaster mitigation
View the documentKnow your enemy: hazards and their effects
View the documentSaving life and reducing economic disruption
View the documentTargeting mitigation where it has most effect
View the documentVulnerability
close this folderSpecific Hazards and Mitigation
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentFloods and water hazards
View the documentEarthquakes
View the documentVolcanic eruption
View the documentLand instabilities
View the documentStrong winds (typhoons, hurricanes, cyclones, tropical storms and tornados)
View the documentTechnological hazards
View the documentDrought and desertification
View the documentSUMMARY
close this folderPart 2 - Actions to reduce risk
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentReducing hazard vs reducing vulnerability
View the documentTools, powers and budgets
View the documentCommunity-based mitigation
View the documentThe menu of mitigation actions
View the documentSUMMARY
close this folderPart 3 - Mitigation strategies
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAims and methods
View the documentEconomics of mitigation
View the documentPracticalities of mitigation
View the documentOpportunities for mitigation: post-disaster implementation
View the documentEmpowerment and community-based mitigation
View the documentSUMMARY
close this folderPart 4 - Implementing organizations
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentBuilding up skills and institutions
View the documentThe regional context: a problem shared
View the documentInternational exchange of expertise
View the documentSupporting decision-making: external specialists
View the documentKnowledge dissemination
View the documentInternational decade for natural disaster reduction
View the documentDisaster mitigation in UNDP country programming
View the documentInitial phases of the UNDP country programming exercise
View the documentSUMMARY
View the documentAnnex 1: Profile of selected United Nations agencies and their activities in disaster mitigation
View the documentAnnex 2: Acronyms
View the documentAnnex 3: Additional reading
View the documentGlossary
View the documentModule evaluation

Initial phases of the UNDP country programming exercise


Past disasters

past experience with disasters - losses suffered (notably those which could have been mitigated or avoided through prevention, mitigation and preparedness measures), early warning and disaster response strengths and weaknesses

The possibility of future disasters

the natural hazards to which the country is subject, and their frequency, intensity, duration and location

the elements at risk; i.e. the populations, physical property, the socio-economic, agricultural and cultural resources and programs at risk from these hazards

the degree of vulnerability of these elements at risk to the hazards

the total losses which can be expected as a function of hazard, risk, and vulnerability

National resources and capabilities

the legislative, legal, policy and regulatory (e.g. land use, building codes) framework

the extent to which disaster management considerations are explicitly integrated in national development planning and budgetary processes

the scope and quality of national, regional and sub-regional disaster preparedness plans

the extent of public awareness, education, and responsiveness

the character and quality of disaster-specific organizational structures, resources, and procedures

government policies or practices in disaster prevention, mitigation and preparedness - especially with respect to agricultural policies, building regulations, land-use planning, transport, regional development, social security support, forestry, water resources

aspects of Government policy directly or indirectly contributing to the occupation of disaster-prone areas

government policies or practices directly or indirectly exacerbating the vulnerability of communities occupying disaster-prone areas

policy shifts needed to reduce the vulnerability-increasing effects of existing government policy

national or external resources needed to reduce risk and vulnerability

Bringing about improvements:

external technical assistance needed and available notably within the country program

training and awareness raising at the government level