|Diagnostic Study for the DIPECHO Action Plan for Central America and the Caribbean (Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters - DIPECHO - ECHO Programme for Disaster Preparedness, Mitigation and Prevention, 1997, 184 p.)|
The study has three parts.
The first part is an analysis of disaster in terms of risks and consequences. It aims to show, with the aid of maps, the effects of natural disasters in Central America and the Caribbean, as well as the distribution and frequency of natural hazards and to analyse factors that determine vulnerability. The final aim is to determine risk levels in the region, taking into account natural dangers and vulnerability criteria.
The second part is a study of actions carried out in the region during the last few years, aimed at reducing the risks and consequences of disasters. This study makes it possible to identify gaps and needs. The different components in the disaster reduction process are outlined: scientific and technical research, prevention itself, preparedness and information/training. Emphasis is also placed on current methods of applying risk reduction policies: from the sector-based approach to the integrated approach.
The third part deals with current conditions for the implementation of a coherent and effective DIPECHO programme. Four main aspects are analysed: regional and national characteristics (heterogeneity and its consequences); institutional strengths and weaknesses at the various geographical levels; characteristics of organisations likely to contribute to the implementation of DIPECHO; present and future role of the European Community and the Member States.
Each part has a partial conclusion. The general conclusion takes the key ideas from the intermediary conclusions and recommends priority lines of action for DIPECHO.