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close this bookBanning Anti-Personnel Mines - The Ottawa Treaty Explained (International Committee of the Red Cross , 1998, 24 p.)
close this folder2. The Ottawa treaty
View the document(introduction...)
View the document2.1 What is an anti-personnel mine?
Open this folder and view contents2.2 The elements of a comprehensive ban treaty
Open this folder and view contents2.3 Addressing the problem: mine clearance and assistance to victims
View the document2.4 Entry into force
Open this folder and view contents2.5 Ensuring compliance with the treaty
View the document2.6 Reservations
View the document2.7 Withdrawal
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2.7 Withdrawal

As is the case with many other international legal agreements, a country is permitted to withdraw from the Ottawa treaty. To do so, it must give notice of its withdrawal to the UN Secretary-General, other States Parties and the UN Security Council. However, the withdrawal does not take effect until six months after such notice is received. If, however, at the end of this six-month period the country is involved in an armed conflict, the withdrawal is not effective until after the end of the armed conflict. Without a prohibition on withdrawal during armed conflicts, the treaty’s protections would risk expiring just at the moment they are most needed (i.e. in wartime).