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close this bookRehabilitation and Reconstruction - 1st Edition (Department of Humanitarian Affairs/United Nations Disaster Relief Office - Disaster Management Training Programme - United Nations Development Programme , 1993, 47 p.)
close this folderPart 1 - Scope of rehabilitation and reconstruction
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentNature of the disaster
View the documentScale of the damage
View the documentLocation of the event
View the documentSectors affected
View the documentLosses
View the documentResulting needs
View the documentAvailable resources
View the documentPolitical commitment
View the documentActors involved in the reconstruction
View the documentSummary


Damage and disruption to the above sectors will result in a number of tangible or direct and intangible or consequential losses. The aim of rehabilitation is initially to replace or normalize these losses and eventually to reconstruct them, if possible, to a higher standard than existed before.

Resulting Losses

Tangible Losses

Consequential Losses


Repair and rebuilding cost of housing, hospitals, schools offices, markets, warehouses, hotels etc.

Bed-capacity, educational and health facilities business, tourism, cottage industry, homelessness.


Repair and rebuilding cost of communication lines, roads, ports, airports, water, sewage.

Transport of goods, supplies, energy sources production, epidemics due to breakdown in water and sewage facilities.


Crops, land, livestock, food stocks, products, fisheries, premises, such as warehouses factories, storage, barns.

Economic outputs, opportunities and competitiveness in international and national markets, export, jobs, taxes, financial stability.


Archives, records, institutional structures human resources, power and control.

Decision-making capacity, political stability, coordination, diversion of staff and resources from other activities, loss of income due to loss of taxation records.


Mental and physical well being of individuals.

Productivity, social cohesion, health, coping capacity.


National heritage, places of worship, traditional ways of living and farming, homeland.

National symbols, history, local and national identity, social cohesion, moral values, continuity of traditions.


Neighborhood and community morale, law and order, social services.

Cohesion, family structure, community coping capacity, breakdown of leadership, development of fatalism and dependency.


Forests, land, water resources, nature reserves, clean-up costs.

Risk of future disasters, long term economic losses, health risk, dependence to outside provisions for resources, migration, relocation.

Q. In the discussion of tangible versus consequential losses, which sectors are the most vulnerable in your own community? In this sector which is the more critical the tangible or the consequential losses?

A. __________________________________________________________