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close this bookRehabilitation and Reconstruction - 1st Edition (Department of Humanitarian Affairs/United Nations Disaster Relief Office - Disaster Management Training Programme - United Nations Development Programme , 1993, 47 p.)
close this folderPart 2 - Relationship to other stages of disaster management
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentMitigation into reconstruction
View the documentReconstruction and development
View the documentReconstruction and preparedness plans
View the documentEmergency relief into rehabilitation
View the documentSummary

Reconstruction and preparedness plans

Conventional preparedness plans often include stockpiling of food, shelter, medicine, tools etc. for emergency and rehabilitation needs. Increasingly, however, the advantages of incorporating reconstruction needs into preparedness plans is becoming obvious. This has several implications that can improve the speed and effectiveness of rehabilitation and reconstruction efforts. These plans can include:

Assessment of hazard, risks and vulnerability, including both physical and human, identification of possible future problems and anticipation of the location, scale and nature of rehabilitation and reconstruction needs.

Improved standards and planning of data collection at the local level and dissemination of damage survey and needs assessment.

Plans for evacuation and sheltering of affected people and accommodating health, educational and administrative facilities until reconstruction is completed.

Resource inventories to meet rehabilitation and reconstruction needs, including community capacities and resources.

Training and education to improve human resources, especially at the local level for rehabilitation and a registry of specialized personnel to be deployed, e.g. in health, psychological support, shelter, water, sanitation etc.

Allocation of responsibilities for rehabilitation and reconstruction at all levels, definition of roles and responsibilities of the local and national organizations.

Legislation for co-ordination of sectors, NGOs and international assistance during rehabilitation and reconstruction; a clear structure for decision making.

Legislation and decrees to expropriate land, change land use, generate and channel funds for reconstruction; codes, standards and procedures for repair, urban plans.

Social and economic surveys to identify the community profile, living standards, repayment capacity, expected levels of local coping.

Procedures and methods for the identification of beneficiaries.

Strengthening of channels for local participation and self-reliance such as agricultural and housing co-operatives which may become useful institutions to operate through rehabilitation and reconstruction.

Q. Are there other critical elements for a preparedness and or reconstruction program for your own community or country which are not listed here?

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