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close this bookBanning Anti-Personnel Mines - The Ottawa Treaty Explained (International Committee of the Red Cross , 1998, 24 p.)
close this folder2. The Ottawa treaty
View the document(introduction...)
View the document2.1 What is an anti-personnel mine?
Open this folder and view contents2.2 The elements of a comprehensive ban treaty
Open this folder and view contents2.3 Addressing the problem: mine clearance and assistance to victims
View the document2.4 Entry into force
Open this folder and view contents2.5 Ensuring compliance with the treaty
View the document2.6 Reservations
View the document2.7 Withdrawal


While the security of those living in mine-contaminated regions will remain threatened until the mines are destroyed or removed from the ground, ending the use of anti-personnel mines is central to efforts to spare future generations from the horror of these weapons. The Ottawa treaty is an important step towards this goal because it establishes a comprehensive ban on the devices. That is, it not only prohibits the use of anti-personnel landmines in all situations, it also forbids their development, production, stockpiling, and transfer. In addition, it requires the destruction of such mines, whether held in stockpiles or already emplaced in the ground.