2.2.3 A prohibition on stockpiling
In addition to prohibiting the development, production and use
of anti-personnel mines, the Ottawa treaty precludes a country from stockpiling
them (see Art. 1, para. 1 (b)). A country is not allowed to purchase, procure,
or otherwise obtain the devices.
Furthermore, any existing stocks must be destroyed within four
years of the date on which the treaty enters into force for a given country (see
Art. 4). States requiring assistance in order to ensure the destruction of
anti-personnel mines within the specified time period may apply to other States
Parties to the treaty for such assistance (see Art. 6).
However, a country is permitted to retain or transfer a limited
quantity of mines for training in mine-detection, mine-clearance, and
mine-destruction techniques. The number of mines kept shall not exceed the
minimum number absolutely necessary for such purposes (see Art. 3, para. 1). At
the time of the adoption of the treaty in Oslo, a number of governments declared
they would retain no more than a few thousand