C. Landlocked Countries
When the country of operation is landlocked, without direct
access to ocean transport, all possible modes of transportation should be
evaluated. The cost, efficiency (including administrative and customs
procedures), security, and overall, year-round reliability of the transport
route options must be carefully evaluated and periodically reviewed. Often there
will be no means of transportation that meets all criteria.
· One route may be
relatively safe, yet involves a prohibitively long transit time.
· Another route may be inexpensive but risks
In these cases, project management must set priorities and agree
with donors on the method of transportation