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close this bookSchool Health Education to Prevent AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) : Teachers' Guide (UNESCO - WHO, 1994, 117 p.)
close this folderUnit 1. Basic knowledge on HIV/AIDS/STD
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1 HIV/AIDS/STD basic questions and answers - What is HIV/AIDS/STD?
View the document2 Looking into AIDS - Fun test on HIV/AIDS/STD
View the document3 HIV/AIDS/STD - What do they mean? - Definitions of HIV/AIDS/STD
View the document4 How a person gets HIV - Information on transmission
View the document5 You can’t get AIDS by... - Ways HIV is not transmitted
View the document6 What do you believe? - Short test on transmission
View the document7 What would you do? - Case studies on transmission
View the document8 What is your risk? - Evaluating risk behaviours
View the document9 Are you at risk (part 1)
View the documentAre you at risk (part 2)
View the documentAre you at risk (part 3) - Evaluating risk behaviours and accumulated risks
View the document10 Protect yourself against AIDS - Information sheet on protection
View the document11 Dear Doctor Sue - Letters on protection
View the document12 Which is safer? - Evaluating ways of protection
View the document13 What happens with HIV infection? - Information on signs and symptoms
View the document14 How do you know if you have HIV/AIDS? - Case studies on signs and symptoms
View the document15 Testing for HIV - Basic information on testing
View the document16 Test: What you know about testing - Short test on testing for HIV
View the document17 AIDS help - Who? Where? - Where help can be found
View the document18 You be the doctor - Case studies on drug use
View the document19 Are you a responsible person? - Behavioural intent questions on personal responsibility

10 Protect yourself against AIDS - Information sheet on protection


It is essential that young people know how to protect themselves from HIV/STD. This activity provides information on, and encourages discussion of safer choices of behaviour in relation to sexual intercourse; unsterilized needles; cutting of the skin.

What the teacher does

1. Read the introduction to the activity.

2. Explain what the students have to do in the activity, i.e. decide on safer choices for 1, 2 and 3.

3. Provide the answers for the students:

a) Sexual intercourse

- delay sexual intercourse;
- be faithful to a partner who is free of HIV and is faithful to you;
- love carefully - use a condom correctly.

b) Unsterilized/shared needles and syringes (or other injecting equipment)

- always go to a doctor, clinic or hospital for injections; they use sterilized needles;

- use new or clean (sterilized, boiled) needles if you must use an injection needle and syringe;

- clean the needle and syringe with bleach if new ones cannot be obtained. Needles and syringes made of glass can also be boiled (see section 7 of this manual).

- stop using injection drugs.

c) Avoid unsafe blood contact

- refuse traditional cutting of the skin unless you can bring your own clean razor;
- make sure sterilized tools are always used for tattooing, ear piercing, circumcision;
- it is advisable not to share toothbrushes; there is a very slight risk of blood-to-blood contact.

Additional preparation

Teachers should know about using condoms and how to clean a dirty injection needle (included in this guide). You may need to discuss condom use in terms of future use, particularly if your community is opposed to discussing or advising condom use with young people.