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close this bookSchool Health Education to Prevent AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) : Teachers' Guide (UNESCO - WHO, 1994, 117 p.)
close this folderUnit 1. Basic knowledge on HIV/AIDS/STD
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1 HIV/AIDS/STD basic questions and answers - What is HIV/AIDS/STD?
View the document2 Looking into AIDS - Fun test on HIV/AIDS/STD
View the document3 HIV/AIDS/STD - What do they mean? - Definitions of HIV/AIDS/STD
View the document4 How a person gets HIV - Information on transmission
View the document5 You can’t get AIDS by... - Ways HIV is not transmitted
View the document6 What do you believe? - Short test on transmission
View the document7 What would you do? - Case studies on transmission
View the document8 What is your risk? - Evaluating risk behaviours
View the document9 Are you at risk (part 1)
View the documentAre you at risk (part 2)
View the documentAre you at risk (part 3) - Evaluating risk behaviours and accumulated risks
View the document10 Protect yourself against AIDS - Information sheet on protection
View the document11 Dear Doctor Sue - Letters on protection
View the document12 Which is safer? - Evaluating ways of protection
View the document13 What happens with HIV infection? - Information on signs and symptoms
View the document14 How do you know if you have HIV/AIDS? - Case studies on signs and symptoms
View the document15 Testing for HIV - Basic information on testing
View the document16 Test: What you know about testing - Short test on testing for HIV
View the document17 AIDS help - Who? Where? - Where help can be found
View the document18 You be the doctor - Case studies on drug use
View the document19 Are you a responsible person? - Behavioural intent questions on personal responsibility

12 Which is safer? - Evaluating ways of protection


Students need to know ways of protecting themselves but they also need to know that some ways are better than others.

What the teacher does

1. Decide how to teach this activity

a) Hand out a copy of the activity sheet and instruct the students to do the activity individually, in pairs or in small groups.

b) Write the different activities on the blackboard and discuss the answers with the class as a whole or have the students do it on paper at their desks (only one sheet needed).

c) Put the students in small groups and hand out one sheet to each group.

2. Read and explain each of the “Protection against HIV/STD” methods.

3. Explain the “How?” of this activity, perhaps giving an example on the blackboard.

4. Have the students decide on the proper ranking and any problems with these methods of protection.

5. Discuss the correct ranking and problems. These are listed below.





this is difficult for a person’s whole life

Kissing, etc.:

becomes risky only if blood, vaginal secretions, semen are exchanged


if not used properly, it may break

One partner:

your partner may be already infected and not know it; partner must be 100% faithful


many lie to have sex, are unwilling to tell everything

Few partners:

sex with one infected partner is enough to become infected with HIV

Get tested:

both partners need to be tested; you can get infected (e.g. by not being faithful) after being tested; one test is not enough