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close this bookSchool Health Education to Prevent AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) : Teachers' Guide (UNESCO - WHO, 1994, 117 p.)
close this folderUnit 1. Basic knowledge on HIV/AIDS/STD
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1 HIV/AIDS/STD basic questions and answers - What is HIV/AIDS/STD?
View the document2 Looking into AIDS - Fun test on HIV/AIDS/STD
View the document3 HIV/AIDS/STD - What do they mean? - Definitions of HIV/AIDS/STD
View the document4 How a person gets HIV - Information on transmission
View the document5 You can’t get AIDS by... - Ways HIV is not transmitted
View the document6 What do you believe? - Short test on transmission
View the document7 What would you do? - Case studies on transmission
View the document8 What is your risk? - Evaluating risk behaviours
View the document9 Are you at risk (part 1)
View the documentAre you at risk (part 2)
View the documentAre you at risk (part 3) - Evaluating risk behaviours and accumulated risks
View the document10 Protect yourself against AIDS - Information sheet on protection
View the document11 Dear Doctor Sue - Letters on protection
View the document12 Which is safer? - Evaluating ways of protection
View the document13 What happens with HIV infection? - Information on signs and symptoms
View the document14 How do you know if you have HIV/AIDS? - Case studies on signs and symptoms
View the document15 Testing for HIV - Basic information on testing
View the document16 Test: What you know about testing - Short test on testing for HIV
View the document17 AIDS help - Who? Where? - Where help can be found
View the document18 You be the doctor - Case studies on drug use
View the document19 Are you a responsible person? - Behavioural intent questions on personal responsibility

4 How a person gets HIV - Information on transmission

HIV = the virus that causes AIDS


To illustrate the three routes of transmission of HIV.

What the teacher does

1. Decide how to teach this activity:

a) A copy is given to each student and the teacher reads the information. The teacher asks questions and/or clarifies each route of transmission.

b) If there is only one copy, the teacher reads the information and asks questions and/or clarifies each route of transmission.

2. Questions for clarification might include:

· HIV spreads through sexual intercourse:

a) What are other examples of STD?
Chlamydia, gonorrhoea, genital warts, herpes.

b) What fluids in the male reproductive system can contain HIV?

c) What fluids in the female reproductive system can contain HIV?
Vaginal secretions, menstrual blood.

d) Where would the HIV in these fluids enter the person’s body?
Through the mucous membranes that line the vagina, penis, anus/rectum.

· HIV is spread through infected blood:

a) How could there be blood in needles or syringes?
Blood left in needle or syringe from a previous injection into another person.

b) What substances do people inject into their bodies?
Drugs - heroin, cocaine, speed, steroids.

c) Why would unsterilized tools contain blood, e.g. ear-piercing?
Blood left in needle or on instrument from cutting or puncturing.

· HIV spreads from an infected mother to the unborn or newborn child:

a) How would the babies get HIV?
From mother’s blood, during pregnancy or delivery; less commonly, through breast milk.

b) What could be done to prevent this from happening?
A woman with HIV should seek advice and/or go for counselling as she may wish to avoid pregnancy.

What should be done by parent(s)
(if there is a parents’ guide)

Either read the information sheet How a person gets HIV infection, or have a child read the activity to the parents. The child could clarify questions about the information.

Additional preparation

Teachers should prepare for additional questions on transmission, particularly if there are not follow-up activities on transmission.