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close this bookThe Global Greenhouse Regime. Who Pays? (UNU, 1993, 382 p.)
close this folderPart III National greenhouse gas reduction cost curves
close this folder10 Abatement of carbon dioxide emissions in Brazil
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentBrazil energy economy
View the documentEnergy subsector analyses
View the documentChanging land-use trends
View the documentConclusion
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Brazil energy economy
Energy subsector analyses
Changing land-use trends

Jose Moreira and Alan Poole

This chapter concentrates on energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, the principal greenhouse gas, of which Brazil is an important contributor at a global level. The clearing of forest land for non-energy uses is its largest source of CO2 emissions. Quantitative estimates of this source are controversial, however. It is not possible to be precise as to the amount and costs of carbon conservation associated with land use changes in Brazil. For this reason, this chapter will focus on the abatement of fossil CO2 emissions released from the energy sector. But we will also discuss policies to decelerate deforestation and outline some crucial interrelationships between land use, energy policy, and carbon conservation strategies.