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close this bookThe Courier N° 159 - Sept - Oct 1996 - Dossier: Investing in People - Country Reports: Mali ; Western Samoa (EC Courier, 1996, 96 p.)
close this folderCountry report
close this folderMali : An omnipresent sense of history
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentThree republics to create one democracy
View the documentInterview with Ali N. Diallo, President of the National Assembly
View the documentProfile
View the documentInterview with Amadou Seydou Traoré, opposition leader and USRDA spokesman
View the documentThe magnetism of the unfamiliar... but unexotic
View the documentMali-EU cooperation
View the documentNGOs finally achieve tangible results


General information

Area: 1 240 190 km²
Population: 10 million
Population density: 8.15 per km²
Population growth rate: 3.1 %
Capital: Bamako (pop.700 000)
Other main towns: Su (65 000), Mopti (52 000), Sikasso (50 000), Koutiala (37 000)
Languages: French (official language), Bambara, Peul, Shongoi, Tamashek
Curreny: CFA franc. In July 1996,1 ECU was worth CFAF 647.5 ($1 = CFAF 515)


Government: Mixed presidential and parliamentary system. Greater powers are due to be transferred to the regions after the next elections.

Head of State: Alpha Oumar Konar

Prime Minister: Ibrahim Boubacar Keita Political parties represented in Parliament: ADEMA (absolute majority). 'Opposition' - CNID, USRDA and numerous other smaller groupings.


(1993 figures unless otherwise stated) GDP: CFAF 753.8 billion
GDP per capita: $530
Origin of GDP by sector: agriculture 42%, industry 11 %, services 47%
Real GDP growth: 2.4%
Balance of payments: deficit of CFAF 84.1 billion (estimated)
Main trade partners (% of total trade)
Exports: Thailand (24.2%), Brazil (19.1%), Ireland (9.7%), Belgium/Luxembourg (9.7%)
Imports: Cd'lvoire (22.2%), France (14.5%), Senegal (9.7%), Hong Kong (4.6%)
Main exports: cotton 40%, livestock 28%, gold 17.5%
Annual inflation rate: 3%

Social indicators

Life expectancy at birth: 46.2
Infant mortalityper 1000 live births: 158
Adult literacy: 28.4%
Enrolment in education (primary, secondary and tertiary): 16%

Human Development Index rating: 0.223 (171st out of 174)