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close this bookBetter Farming Series 38 - Better Freshwater Fish Farming: Raising Fish in Pens and Cages (FAO, 1990, 83 p.)
close this folderPens
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentBuilding a pen
View the documentCarrying small fish
View the documentPutting baby fish into your pen
View the documentFeeding fish in pens
View the documentTaking care of the fish and pen
View the documentHarvesting fish in pens
View the documentNow you must begin again
View the documentRaising your own baby fish in pens


33. You can build a pen in the shallow water of a stream, a river, a lake or a reservoir.

Stream or river



34. The water in a pen should be no more than 1.5 metres in the deepest part.


35. You must also be sure that the water in a pen will never be less than 1 metre even during the dry season.

36. A pen should be put in a place where the flow of water is gentle, not fast.

37. It should be protected from wind so that the surface of the water will be calm, not rough.

38. The water should be clean. You should not build a pen too near an inlet where the water may be muddy or full of rubbish.
39. Choose a place in the stream or lake where the bottom is firm. It is not so easy to build a pen if the bottom is too soft and where the water may become muddy when you have to work in the pen.

40. In addition, try to find a place where you can build a pen using very few materials, such as the corner of a reservoir or an angle in a stream.

Corner of reservoir