|Community Emergency Preparedness: A Manual for Managers and Policy-Makers (WHO, 1999, 141 p.)|
|Chapter 4 Emergency planning|
· Emergency planning should be based on an assessment of vulnerability.
· An emergency plan is an agreed set of arrangements for responding to and recovering from emergencies; it describes responsibilities, management structures, strategies, and resources.
· The emergency planning process can be applied to any community, organization, or activity.
· The process of planning is as important as a written emergency plan.
· Emergency planning should be performed by an appropriate planning group.
· Potential problem analysis can determine problems, causes, preventive strategies, response and recovery strategies, and trigger events.
· The resources required to support preparedness and response and recovery strategies should be analysed.
· The roles and responsibilities of people and organizations must be defined and described.
· A management structure for emergency response and recovery should be developed based on normal management structures.
· A series of strategies and systems must be developed for response and recovery, including:
- search and rescue;
- health and medical;
- social welfare;
- transport and lifelines;
- police and security;
- command, control, and coordination;
- information management;
- resource management;
- hazardous materials.