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close this bookSmall-Scale Marine Fisheries - A Training Manual (Peace Corps, 1983, 631 p.)
close this folderWeek 7: Training
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentSession T-86: Introduction to fisheries economics and marketing
View the documentSession T-87: ''Gyotaku'' fish art special project
View the documentSession T-88: Fund raising - special group project
View the documentSession T-89: Economic data sheets
View the documentSession T-90: Transportation systems - special project
View the documentSession T-91: Fish cooperatives special group project
View the documentSession T-92: Simple accounting techniques
View the documentSession T-93: Reef survey preparation
View the documentSession T-94: Artificial reefs and floating tire breakwaters - special project
View the documentSession T-95: Resources/proposal writing
View the documentSession T-96: Reef survey
View the documentSession T-97: Interviews
View the documentSession T-98: Fish issues - special group project
View the documentSession T-99: Ecology and conservation - special group project
View the documentSession T-100: Report writing

Session T-96: Reef survey

Time: 6 AM


· To provide fundamentals in coral identification, reef fish identification and coral reef topography

· To allow trainees the opportunity to acquire basic snorkeling/ diving techniques

· To acquaint trainees with survey techniques in which to properly assess the carrying capacity of a given reef in as short a time as possible


This session is particularly useful to the marine fisheries PCV. They have a need to understand the dynamics of change affecting coral reefs. For the PCY to be able to survey a reef for potential exploitation of underutilized fish species and assess the carrying capacity is also important. In addition, the role of the PCV as a coral reef ecologist providing extension workshops on conservation to fishing communities, underutilized species exploitation or implementation of artificial reefs will greatly assist the development of small-scale fisheries in the PCV specific country.

Materials and Equipment:

· Flip chart, markers, diving gear (mask, snorkel, flippers, diving knife/tool, storage bag) small boat 8-12 feet with outboard, or large Diesel vessel for bigger group.

Trainer's Note:

This session can be supplemented with tie-ins to other small-scale fishing sessions. Orientation to Poisonous/Toxic Marine Fish- Special Project should be conducted prior to this session.




12 Hours

1. The following areas are covered during reef survey:

a. introduction to surveys

- visual sightings

- classification of marine life

b. orientation to coral reefs

- corals identification

- reef fishes identification

- coral reef topography

c. equipment (snorkeling)

- hardware

- software

d. survey of a living coral reef

- buddy system

- group system

e. survey of a dying/dead coral reef

- analysis of cause

- solutions

f. data aquisition

- visual

g. potential markets

- underutilized species

- processing

Trainer's Notes:

Care should be taken to insure an adequately stocked first aid kit, innertubes for diver floats, and fresh drinking water. Most trainees will be entering an environment which is new to them, an environment with hidden dangers, i.e. sea urchins, coral cuts, shark menace, sunburn--the list goes on. Caution and safety must be stressed at all times. Again, spearguns and spears should not be allowed on the trip.