Cover Image
close this bookEnvironmentally Sound Technologies for Women in Agriculture (IIRR, 1996, 213 p.)
close this folderSeed production and storage
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentProduce your own wheat, rice and pulse seeds
View the documentStorage of grain and seed
View the documentSafe grain storage structures
View the documentImproved rodent-free grain storage

Produce your own wheat, rice and pulse seeds


Make sure you start with pure clean seed stock.
After three years, it is best to buy new seed from a reputable seed vendor.
Do not try to produce seed of cross-pollinated crops, such as maize or sorghum.

Save money by producing your own seed of wheat, rice, and other self-pollinated crops. Make sure you start with pure, clean seed with desirable characteristics, suited to your growing conditions and to your needs.

1 Lay out your seed plot so that the variety being produced is isolated from other varieties.

2 Before sowing, clean the seed drill properly. No other seed should remain in any part of the drilling machine.

3 Examine the seed plot at different stages of crop growth. Remove:

- other crop plants
- weeds
- off-types (plants with characteristics different from those of the variety being produced)
- diseased plants

4 Harvest and thresh the seed plot before harvesting the main crop.

5 Clean the thresher and threshing floor properly before threshing the seed crop.

Clean the threshing floor.

6 After threshing, clean the seed with a winnowing basket and remove small and cut seeds with the help of a sieve.

Winnow the seed to remove impurities.

7 Dry the seed to a safe seed-moisture level. Store the seed in a proper container.

8 To prevent infestation by insects, fumigate your seed with Celphos 1-2 tablets of Celphos will fumigate 100 kg of seed.

9 Before sowing, treat the seed with a proper fungicide. For example, treat wheat seed with Vitavax at 2.5 g/kg of seed to prevent the seed crop from infection by loose smut.

Store your seed in a proper container. Keep it dry, cool, and protected from rodents, birds, and insects.

Contributor: Dr. S. P. Sharma