Cover Image
close this bookSchool Enterprises: Combining Vocational Learning with Production (UNEVOC, 1998, 64 p.)
close this folder3. Conclusions and Guidelines
View the document(introduction...)
View the document3.1 Rough typology of school enterprises
View the document3.2 Structures of school enterprises
View the document3.3 Organisation of learning
View the document3.4 Competency profile, learning outcomes and learning goals
View the document3.5 Curricular processes
View the document3.6 Teaching staff
View the document3.7 Regulatory framework of school enterprises
View the document3.8 External relations
View the document3.9 Impact of school enterprises
View the document3.10 Financial options for school enterprises
View the document3.11 Mixes of private and public roles
View the document3.12 Factors that may enhance school enterprises


Several approaches of combining learning with market production have come to exist side by side within a country. Many programmes have had to be reconsidered within the framework of a diversified secondary education. There is also evidence of a situation whereby various traditions and orientations come together and evolve into a new approach. Reconsideration in light of changing needs and resource availability is an inevitable and ongoing part of the process of educational change. The diversity of school enterprises in the context of a single country is indicative of the freedom that now exists for schools to develop their own initiatives, and of the status and importance of school enterprise concepts in schools.

This section presents conclusions and guidelines drawn from the case studies on school enterprises. The issues to be discussed include the organisational form of school enterprises, their learning organisation, learning outcomes, support infrastructure, curricular processes, integration of production processes in the curricula, teaching staff, external relations, the economic and social impact of school enterprises, the regulatory framework, financial options for school enterprises, and the role of state and non-governmental agencies in the management and financing of school enterprises.