|SCN News, Number 09 - Focus on Micronutritients (ACC/SCN, 1993, 70 p.)|
(1992) IFPRI Policy Brief. IFPRI, Washington, D.C. 52 pages.
A growing body of empirical and theoretical literature from various disciplines has pointed out that the costs and benefits of different policies are borne disproportionately by some individuals within households, according to their gender, age, and relationship to the household. These argued that the very success of development policy is likely to be undermined by a failure to view the household and the family in a holistic manner. This IFPRI policy brief emanated from a conference on intrahousehold issues hosted by IFPRI in Washington, D.C. in February 1992. More than 40 economists, nutritionists, anthropologists, sociologists, demographers, and political scientists participated in this conference, half of whom presented papers which are summarized in this policy brief. This IFPRI policy brief documents numerous examples of costly, unintended policy effects due to the neglect of intrahousehold decision making processes. For instance, since patterns of food consumption within households differ, programmes targeted to certain household members may be wide of the mark, with heavy leakages. Or programs that are intended to increase employment may reduce school enrollment because adolescents may be required to stay at home to care for infants while their mothers are at work. Most analysis of programmes stop at the door of the household. The results from studies presented indicate that the outcome of policies may change due to the differences in the understanding of intrahousehold allocation behavior.
For further information please contact: IFPRI, 1200 Seventeenth Street, N.W., Washington, D.C., 20036-3006, USA. Tel: (202) 862 5600. Fax: (202) 467 4439.