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close this bookSpecial Public Works Programmes - SPWP - Planting Trees - An Illustrated Technical Guide and Training Manual (ILO - UNDP, 1993, 190 p.)
close this folder1. Planning a plantation
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1.1 What regeneration method to use?
View the document1.2 What species to establish?
View the document1.3 Whether to plant a single tree species or a mixture of several?
View the document1.4 What type of planting stock to use?
View the document1.5 What planting pattern to use and how many seedlings to plant?
View the document1.6 When to plant?
View the document1.7 How to protect the seedlings?
View the document1.8 The plantation plan

1.7 How to protect the seedlings?

Tree seedlings may be harmed by browsing, fire, insects and diseases. The risk of damage should be assessed and protection ensured during planning.

In most areas some sort of agreement and protection is needed to keep livestock out of the plantation during the establishment phase. Goats and sheep chew leaves and shoots and tear off the bark. Cattle can quickly destroy a plantation by trampling on the young seedlings.

Forest fires are often man-made. If the plantations benefit all members of the community, prevention of fires is mostly a matter of public relations and information. Sharing the produce of the plantation is one way of increasing the interest of the local population. Permanent guarding, fire breaks and controlled grazing or grass-cutting are also means of preventing fire.

Insects and diseases are often species-specific. Species liable to damage should be avoided. Pesticides or chemically treated plants may also be used.

Protection measures are described further in Chapter 6.

When to plant

Planting should start early in the rain

How to protect the seedlings