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close this bookTraining Programme for Women Entrepreneurs in the Food-processing Industry - Volume I (UNIDO, 1985, 356 p.)
close this folderTrainers Guide through the Manual
View the documentComposition of the Manual
View the documentHow to use the Session Guides
View the documentAdapting the Material
View the documentPreparing for the Sessions
View the documentConducting the Sessions
View the documentDuration of the Sessions
View the documentCounselling Sessions
View the documentHow to use the Workbook
View the documentProposed Time Schedule

Conducting the Sessions

You should at the beginning of the session have a clear idea of the conclusions to which you wish to lead participants, but you must also be ready to follow a quite different line if this appears appropriate. At the end of the session, participants should feel that they themselves have produced whatever conclusions they have reached; you, as instructor, will have done your job well if your own contribution has been tactfully to steer the participants, while they feel that they are in fact in charge.

Ensure that every participant understands what is being said; some people learn without making many personal contributions, while others tend to dominate the session, without themselves learning anything. It is your task to moderate the proceedings, so that everyone gets an opportunity to contribute, and those who do not understand, and are too shy to admit it, are identified and assisted as needed.

When dividing the group into smaller sub-groups, be sure that everyone has a chance to learn and to contribute her views. In the "Enterprise Experience", when participants may be working in groups, it is particularly important to ensure that the record-keeping is not done by one member who already has the necessary skills, while the others learn nothing.

Some instructors believe that participative sessions such as these are far easier for them than traditional lectures, because most of the ideas are elicited from the participants rather than being stated by the instructor. They are wrong; sessions such as these require more rather than less preparation if they are to be effective, and the instructor must have the confidence to admit that she 'too' can and must learn, with the participants, rather than pretending that she knows everything and they must only learn from her.