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close this bookSchool Health Education to Prevent AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) : Teachers' Guide (UNESCO - WHO, 1994, 117 p.)
close this folderUnit 1. Basic knowledge on HIV/AIDS/STD
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1 HIV/AIDS/STD basic questions and answers - What is HIV/AIDS/STD?
View the document2 Looking into AIDS - Fun test on HIV/AIDS/STD
View the document3 HIV/AIDS/STD - What do they mean? - Definitions of HIV/AIDS/STD
View the document4 How a person gets HIV - Information on transmission
View the document5 You can’t get AIDS by... - Ways HIV is not transmitted
View the document6 What do you believe? - Short test on transmission
View the document7 What would you do? - Case studies on transmission
View the document8 What is your risk? - Evaluating risk behaviours
View the document9 Are you at risk (part 1)
View the documentAre you at risk (part 2)
View the documentAre you at risk (part 3) - Evaluating risk behaviours and accumulated risks
View the document10 Protect yourself against AIDS - Information sheet on protection
View the document11 Dear Doctor Sue - Letters on protection
View the document12 Which is safer? - Evaluating ways of protection
View the document13 What happens with HIV infection? - Information on signs and symptoms
View the document14 How do you know if you have HIV/AIDS? - Case studies on signs and symptoms
View the document15 Testing for HIV - Basic information on testing
View the document16 Test: What you know about testing - Short test on testing for HIV
View the document17 AIDS help - Who? Where? - Where help can be found
View the document18 You be the doctor - Case studies on drug use
View the document19 Are you a responsible person? - Behavioural intent questions on personal responsibility

18 You be the doctor - Case studies on drug use


Information about drug use and abuse and its relationship to HIV/AIDS is important. The following topics are discussed:

· Drug use and impairment of judgement

· Abstaining from injection of drugs

· Clean needle use for injection drugs

· Method of sterilizing unclean needles

What the teacher does

1. Decide how to teach this activity.

a) Provide each student with an activity sheet and have them provide advice for one or more of the four situations individually, in pairs or in small groups.

b) Read each situation and have students provide advice (and why) from the doctor’s bag which is written on the blackboard (only one activity sheet is needed).

c) Divide the class into small groups and give each group one or more situations for which to provide advice (only one activity sheet is needed for each group).

2. Have students read out their advice for each situation and discuss. Examples of appropriate advice are provided below:

· Situation 1

a) Advice: Don’t use drugs and alcohol -they slow your judgement.

b) Why? You might make decisions that cause you to get pregnant or HIV/STD.

· Situation 2

a) Advice: Get clean (new) needles and syringes if you must use drugs.

b) Why? Used needles and syringes will have small amounts of blood left in them, which may contain HIV.

· Situation 3

a) Advice: Never use injection drugs.

b) Why? They can be damaging to your health and there is a possibility of getting HIV/STD.

· Situation 4

a) Advice: Clean needles with bleach and water if you must use drugs.

b) Why? There will be blood on the dirty needle that may contain HIV.

3. Students should be aware of how to clean needles and syringes. The procedure for this is found in the “questions” section of this guide.