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close this bookCommunity Approach to Integrated Basic Services Promoting Health and Livelihood for the Urban Poor - UNCHS Pilot Project: Lucknow, Rajkot, Visakhapatnam (Government of India - HABITAT, 1999, 90 p.)
close this folder4. Visakhapatnam City Project
View the document4.1 The City Profile
View the document4.2 Socio-economic Profile
View the document4.3 Infrastructure Arrangements
View the document4.4 Institutional Arrangements, Management and Finance
View the document4.5 Slum Areas under UNCHS Programme
View the document4.6 Strategies and Activities

4.4 Institutional Arrangements, Management and Finance

The MCV is the main entity which implements all works in Visakhapatnam. Within the MCV the Urban Community Development (UCD) department is directly responsible for interfacing with the slum dwellers and other community/voluntary groups established within the settlements. The UCD is headed by the Project Director who is in overall charge and reports directly to the Municipal Commissioner. The governing structure of the MCV is as follows:

a) Municipal Corporation:

Mayor, 50 Ward members, 6 ex-officio members and 5 co-opted members.

b) Standing Committee:

5 Ward committee chairmen (one member is the chairman of the Standing Committee)

c) Commissioner:

Executive Authority

d) 5 Ward Committees:

10 Ward members in each committee and one member is the chairman of the Ward committee

Janmabhoomi - A people centered development process

Innovation is perhaps the single most important ingredient for the advancement of any society. Innovation can occur in a variety of ways ranging from more commonly understood forms such as product and technical innovation to more abstract forms like process innovation. Innovation can play a substantial role in reducing our costs or in increasing our productive output.

The Janmabhoomi project has positively reaffirmed the power of time tested values and basic principles. Armed with exemplary grit, determination and commitment, our people have demonstrated the immense potential of Janmabhoomi.

Janmabhoomi essentially means a people centred participatory development process. The institutional framework for Janmabhoomi facilitates a process wherein the Government, the democratic institutions of the people, the grassroots people's institutions, the facilitating agencies (including NGOs academic institutions, etc.) and the people themselves can participate as equal partners. All these Institutions are imbued with the core principles of Janmabhoomi to enable them to carry out their tasks effectively.

Janmabhoomi is meant to induce, develop and nurture social mobilisation of people, particularly the poor, organising the community around specific interests such as women, thrift and credit groups, youth groups, water users associations, watershed development committees, village education committees etc. This is achieved through sensitisation, awareness building, organising Grassroot People's Institution (GPI), organising women into Thrift and Credit and building the capability of community leaders.

Janmabhoomi develops appropriate support structures for achieving social mobilisation and capacity building. The support structures are intended to provide necessary training and technical guidance and develop suitable literature for different sectors. There is a system of regular feed back and discussion in the workshops where the best experiences within and outside the State are considered for adoption. At the State level, appropriate structures have been established for overseeing this as well as to look after the training needs including development of literature.

Janmabhoomi strengthen local bodies through a policy of decentralisaton and develops a framework for a larger role for the local bodies. For this each department analyses and draws up a list of activities in each sector that can be decentralised including the powers necessary at appropriate levels for effective decentralised decision making. Necessary financial devolution is also made. At the same time, full accountability to people is ensured. Janmabhoomi builds up the mechanism of an active and vibrant village council which will not only decide on various issues but also monitor development programmes. Janmabhoomi will also develop a system by which information and knowledge are constantly made available to people.

Source: Government of Andhra Pradesh, 1999.

The MCV budget for the current year and the allocation of funds under the main heads, including UCD expenditure, is given below:

(Rupees Crores)

Municipal Corporation budget


Allocation of funds:

a) Public health, street lighting and water supply


b) Developmental works (MCV finance)


c) Developmental works (Grants / Loans)


d) Other expenditure