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close this bookEnergy after Rio - Prospects and Challenges - Executive Summary (UNDP, 1997, 38 p.)
close this folder4. Sustainable Strategies
View the document4.1 Global Energy Scenarios
View the document4.2 Implications for the Developing World
View the document4.3 Implications for Energy Exporting Economies
Open this folder and view contents4.4 Some General Implications of Sustainable Energy Systems
View the document4.5 Conclusions

4.5 Conclusions

It may be concluded that energy systems can be pursued that are not only compatible with, but are crucial levers for achieving social, economic, environmental and security goals, as expressed in Agenda 21. As such, energy can be an instrument for sustainable development. Such energy systems would be based on a much more efficient use of energy, an increased use of renewable energy sources (in particular modernised biomass, wind energy, and solar electric energy) and a new generation of technologies that make it possible to use both biomass energy and fossil fuels at high efficiency with low adverse impacts on the local, regional and global environments. At present, overall trends are not in this direction and attention must now be turned to an analysis of impediments to sustainable energy futures that are supportive of sustainable development.