Gender Inequalities Hamper Growth
Inequality women and men limits productivity ultimately slows
economic growth. early empirical studies (for example, Kuznets 1955) suggested
that income inequality would increase with economic growth during the initial
phases of development. This chapter, however. starts with the hypothesis that
there is not necessarily a tradeoff between inequality and growth and. indeed
that high inequality especially as it affects human capital. hampers growth
(Fields 1992: Birdsall and Sabot 1994).
Both theory and empirical evidence point to the importance of
human capital in creating the necessary conditions for productivity growth and
in reducing aggregate inequality in the future. In addition. women s human
capital generates benefits for society in the form of lower child mortality.
higher educational attainment improved nutrition. and reduced population growth.
Inequalities in the accumulation and use of human capital at-e related to lower
economic and social well-being for