|Better Farming Series 11- Cattle Breeding (FAO - INADES, 1977, 63 p.)|
|How cattle reproduce|
The ovaries begin to produce ova (see page 42) when a heifer is 9 or 10 months old. From that time, heifers can be fertilized.
But do not have a heifer served by a bull when she is too young. The heifer cannot go on growing herself and feed the calf she is carrying. In fact you may have accidents when the calf is born, at calving.
So wait until the heifer is big and strong enough, until she is about 2 years (24 months) old, before having her served.
The testicles of young bulls begin to produce semen when the bulls are about 8 months old.
But do not have cows served by too young a bull. The bull will get tired, will not grow well, will not eat well and will become a poor breeding animal. Do not have the bull serve cows before it is 18 months old.
To make sure that heifers are not fertilized too young, and that bulls do not serve cows before the age of 18 months, do not put heifers that are too young together with bulls, or bulls that are too young with cows.