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close this bookElectrical Machines - Basic vocational knowledge (Institut für Berufliche Entwicklung, 144 p.)
close this folder7. Single-phase alternating current motors
close this folder7.4. Single-phase commutator motors (universal motors)
View the document7.4.1. Assembly
View the document7.4.2. Operating principles
View the document7.4.3. Operational behaviour
View the document7.4.4. Technical data

7.4.1. Assembly

A universal motor can be driven both by single-phase and direct current voltage. Both assembly and circuitry correspond to direct current series motors.

Figure 120 - Circuitry of a universal motor with interference suppression capacitor

1 Direct current
2 Alternating current
3 Terminal designations

Because of the low power and subsequent minimal incidence of commutator sparking, universal motor stators dispense with interpole and compensation windings.

Figure 121 shows the lamella section of a universal motor. The exciter windings, also known as pole or field coils, have been positioned on the pole core.

Figure 121 - Lamella form of a universal motor