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close this bookSmall-Scale Marine Fisheries - A Training Manual (Peace Corps, 1983, 631 p.)
close this folderWeek 2: Training
View the documentSession T-1: Introduction to technical training
View the documentSession T-2: The oceans, rivers, streams of the world an overview of world wide fisheries
View the documentSession T-3: Special projects
View the documentSession T-4: Introduction to nets
View the documentSession T-5: Non-verbal communication
View the documentSession T-6: Introduction to net construction and repair
View the documentSession T-7: Introduction to outboard engines
View the documentSession T-9: Values clarification
View the documentSession T-10: Outboard engine trouble shooting
View the documentSession T-11: Tropical photography - extension

Session T-1: Introduction to technical training

Time: 7:30 AM


· Introduce goals of the technical training program
· For trainees to share their expectations of technical training
· Introduce schedule for technical training
· For participants to get acquainted on a professional level
· To begin building a sharing atmosphere


In this first session of technical training the overall goals of the program are introduced. The program is described in some detail. Trainees share their expectations of technical training and trainers explain how expectations will be met by going over the schedule for the next seven weeks of training. Trainees have gotten to know each other on an interpersonal level during the orientation sessions, now they will work together using both interpersonal skills and technical skills. Through an exercise, trainees will reveal areas of technical expertise and start building an atmosphere of sharing and skill transference.


1. Introduction of Goals, Expectations and Schedule 2. Get acquainted professionally


· Flip chart paper, markers, tape
· Technical Training Schedule

EXERCISE 1 - Introduction of Goals, Expectations, and Schedules Time: 7:30 AM - 9:15 AM


· Share goals of technical training
· Share trainees expectation
· Describe training program
· Share schedule


The goals are presented and posted on newsprint in the training room where they will remain throughout the duration of training. Expectations of technical training are discussed using the schedule to show trainees where they can expect to have their expectations met. During this session any expectations that are unrealistic are discussed, and explanations of why they can not be met are given.




Introduction to technical training and training goals

1. Trainer begins by describing the technical training program, using the following outline to make these points:

15 Minutes

a. be intense (little free time)

b. continue to build on cross-cultural skills

c. entails use of resource materials

d. teach technical skills

e. be experiential

f. highlight and improve interpersonal skills

2. Trainer lists goals for technical training program and briefly discusses each one.

o to enable trainees to recognize their skills and to feel competent in the use of those skills;

o to teach trainees how to transfer the technical skills they have to others;

o to identify and improve skill areas that need strengthening;

o for trainees to understand their role as Fisheries Extension Peace Corps Volunteers in the host country; o to help trainees identify and find resources avail able to them in their community sites and host country agencies;

o the illustration of competency in fisheries extension techniques, in fish processing, fish preservation, outboard/Diesel repair and maintenance fisheries economics and marketing, small-scale fishing and fishing vessels, and vessel repair and construction;

o the ability to analyze properly communities social systems, which should identify problems and help communities seek solutions;

o an understanding of the basic theories of fisheries extension work;

o increased interpersonal, team building and communication skills; and,

o a better understanding of global and country specific fisheries issues.

Trainer moves to next exercise after answering any questions trainees may have.

Introduction5 Minutes Put items of List

3. Divide into small groups. Explain the purpose of the exercise. Ask participants to write on news print the expectations they have for this training flip chart program. Encourage the groups to record as many items as possible in this short time. Expectations may include things they want:

o to know

o to have given to them

o to have happen/not happen

o the facilitator to do/be

o the other participants to do/be

o to be able to do

Encourage group to record as many items as possible Expectations in a short time.

15 Minutes

Priority 10 Minutes

4. Now ask each group to prioritize the top five expectations that they all share.

5. Ask groups to share their expectations with large group.

Trainer's Notes:

Large schedule made by using six sheets of newsprint is made and posted in training classroom where it is intended that it remain during training program.

Reporting Expectations 20 Minutes

Take a few minutes to review the list of expectations, and compare it to the training schedule now posted.

Comment and eliminate those that the training program cannot hope to address. Those who are not part of the program may be met depending on ingenuity of the facilitator and technical expertise of the trainer. Do not leave group with a list of expectations the facilitators or the program cannot meet.


6. Trainer now produces on newsprint, the

a. How did your group work together?

20 Minutes

following list of questions about group dynamics:

b. Who took leadership?

c. Did everyone participate?

d. Did anyone check to see that everyone was included?

e. Who recorded for the group; how was that decision made?

f. Who talked a lot, who talked a little, quality?

g. How did decisions get made (consensus, voting, railroading)?

h. Did anyone summarize for group?

Wrap-up 10 Minutes

Trainer asks for observations about what things were the most helpful in each group and records them on newsprint - Asks for things that perhaps weren't quite as helpful, and records them on newsprint.

Trainer points out that a great deal of our work will be done in groups and that it is important for us to be aware of our own process, how we get work done and thus get the most out of the training program. Further, we will from time to time ask groups to look at their own process.

Trainer's Notes:

You will want to save the expectation list to go over at a later date. It is best to leave posted if possible.

1. Trainer now leads into next exercise.

EXERCISE 2 - Getting Acquainted Professionally

Time: 30 Minutes


· To allow participants to get acquainted
· To get people talking
· To begin building a sharing atmosphere


This exercise gives participants an opportunity to get to know each other. Even though they have met in training before this activity allows them to see each other in a different way and to begin talking and interacting.




Introduction Set-up

1. Introduce exercise by stating the purpose and asking participants to get an index card and pin.


10 Minutes 20 Minutes for mingling Time Check Summary

2. After everyone has a card, show the following newsprint:


When you have completed your card please pin it on and start to mingle with other participants and discuss each others' card. Try and meet with as many people as possible. Trainers should join group as participants after you have set up the exercise and are sure people are mingling with each other.

Let the participants know when they have five minutes left so they can check to be sure that they have talked with as many people as possible.

6 Minutes

3. Ask individuals to share some of the interesting"things" they have discovered about each other.

5 Minutes Linkage

4. Trainer now makes remarks about this session. Summarizes the interactions of the session and links to future sessions.

Trainer's Notes:

Listed below are five possible introduction exercises that can be used. You may prefer to use another exercise that will accomplish the same purpose.

1. Dyad-Quartet

Each person meets and gets to know the other; he/she in turn introduces his/her partner to another dyed.

2. Depth Unfolding Process Because it takes five minutes per person, this exercise should be done in small groups. The leader should disclose first to make trainees more comfortable.

In the first three minutes, tell what has brought you to this point in your life. Use one minute to describe your decision to join Peace Corps. Use the last minute to answer questions from others.

3. Structured Introductions

In dyads, small groups, or in large group, participants can tell why they joined Peace Corps, or write a letter to a friend about their decision.

4. Life Map

Each person draws on newsprint with crayons or magic marker a picture of their vision of their Peace Corps service, using stick figures and symbols.

5. Sentence Completion The trainer presents a series of unfinished sentences, asking each group member in turn to complete the statement.


· One of the things I anticipate about my Peace Corps service is
· The thing I will miss about home