Cover Image
close this bookGuide to Health and Hygiene in Agricultural Work (ILO, 1979, 328 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
View the documentAcknowledgements
close this folder1. Living conditions and environmental hygiene
View the document1.1. Introduction
close this folder1.2. Housing
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1.2.1. Construction
View the document1.2.2. Physiological principles
View the document1.2.3. Insect pests
View the document1.2.4. Rodents
close this folder1.3. Farm buildings
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1.3.1. Grain stores
View the document1.3.2. Farm incinerators
View the document1.3.3. Buildings for livestock
View the document1.3.4. Piggeries
View the document1.3.5. Poultry sheds
close this folder1.4. Water supply
View the document1.4.1. Importance
View the document1.4.2. Sources
View the document1.4.3. Treatment
View the document1.4.4. Distribution
close this folder1.5. Manure and sewage
View the document1.5.1. Importance
View the document1.5.2. The latrine
View the document1.5.3. Disposal of solid wastes: composting
close this folder1.6. Environmental health
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1.6.1. Man-made problems
View the document1.6.2. Plants
close this folder1.6.3. Animal life
View the documentInsects
View the documentWorms
View the documentRodents
View the documentDead animals
close this folder1.7. Food sanitation
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1.7.1. Sources of infection
View the document1.7.2. The dairy farm
View the document1.7.3. Milk sanitation
close this folder1.8. Other problems of agricultural life
View the document1.8.1. some special problems
View the document1.8.2. Health legislation
View the document1.8.3. Examples of effective health education through community participation
View the document1.8.4. Health services
close this folder2. Problems of occupational physiology and ergonomics
close this folder2.1. General principles of occupational physiology
View the document(introduction...)
View the document2.1.1. Muscular work
View the document2.1.2. Circulation of the blood and respiration during work
View the document2.1.3. Basal metabolism
View the document2.1.4. Static work
View the document2.1.5. Thermal regulation
View the document2.1.6. Co-ordination of physiological functions
View the document2.1.7. Adaptation to environment
close this folder2.1.8. Working capacity
View the documentState of health and working capacity
View the documentDiet and work
View the documentTraining
View the documentAge and aptitude for work
View the documentCurve of physiological work and biological rhythm
View the document2.1.9. Fatigue
close this folder2.1.10. Measurement of physical work
View the documentOxygen consumption
View the documentHeart rate
close this folder2.2. Principles of ergonomics in agriculture
View the document2.2.1. Definition and purpose
close this folder2.2.2. Arrangement of the workplace
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPosture of the body
View the documentTempo of work and body size
View the documentAlternation of heavy and light work
View the documentPrecision work and visual effort
View the documentWork done while walking
View the documentAdaptation of tools to man
View the documentAdaptation of machines to physiological capacities
View the documentArrangement of seats
close this folder2.2.3. Conditions of mechanised work1
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPhysiological aspects of mechanised work
View the documentVibration
View the documentNoise
View the documentDust
View the documentExhaust gases
View the documentLighting
close this folder2.2.4. Vocational training and health protection
View the documentWork and productivity in agriculture
View the documentApprenticeship methods
View the documentSystematic apprenticeship and health protection
close this folder3. Prevention and management of occupational pesticide poisonings
View the document3.1. Introduction and statement of the problem
close this folder3.2. General precautions for the prevention of pesticide poisonings
View the document3.2.1. Storage of pesticide containers
View the document3.2.2. Sanitation in space used for formulation, packaging and loading of application equipment
View the document3.2.3. Worker education
View the document3.2.4. Disposal of used containers
View the document3.2.5. Re-entry of pesticide-treated fields
View the document3.2.6. Cleaning and repair of equipment
close this folder3.3. Specific strategies to minimise worker injury by pesticides
View the document3.3.1. Sanitary standards and protective gear
View the document3.3.2. Medical surveillance
View the document3.3.3. Management of poisonings
View the document3.4. Physiology of pesticide absorption and action in man: general measures for management of poisonings
close this folder3.5. Toxic properties of specific classes of pesticide, and special precautions to avoid poisoning
View the document3.5.1. The large molecular organochlorine insecticides
View the document3.5.2. The cholinesterase-inhibiting organophosphate pesticides
View the document3.5.3. The cholinesterase-inhibiting carbamate insecticides
View the document3.5.4. The nitrophenolic herbicides
View the document3.5.5. Pentachlorophenol
View the document3.5.6. Chlorophenoxy compounds
View the document3.5.7. Dipyridyl compounds (paraquat, diquat, morfamquat
View the document3.5.8. Dimethyldithiocarbamate fungicides
View the document3.5.9. Urea-, uracil- and triazine-based herbicides
View the document3.5.10. Liquid and gas fumigants
View the document3.5.11. Arsenicals
View the document3.5.12. Acetanilide-, acetamide-, carbanilate- and anilide-based herbicides
View the document3.5.13. Anticoagulant rodenticides
close this folder3.6. Other chemical substances in agriculture
close this folder3.6.1. Mineral fertilisers
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentNitrogenous fertilisers
View the documentPhosphatic fertilisers
close this folder3.6.2. Toxic properties of the salts of phosphoric acid and of commercial products containing them
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentBasic slag
View the document3.6.3. Calcium cyanamide
View the document3.6.4. Fuels, lubricating oils and products of the incomplete combustion of fuel
close this folder3.6.5. Products of the incomplete combustion of fuel in motor engines
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCarbon monoxide
close this folder4. Occupational diseases in agriculture
close this folder4.1. Diseases due to climate
View the document(introduction...)
close this folder4.1.1. Hot climates
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentHeat cramps
View the documentAnhydrotic exhaustion due to heat
View the documentDermatoses caused by heat
View the documentHeat exhaustion
View the documentHeat stroke
View the documentSunburn
close this folder4.1.2. Cold climates
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentGeneral disorders due to cold
View the documentLocal disorders
View the documentChilblains
View the documentFrostbite
close this folder4.2. Commonest lung diseases due to vegetable dusts
View the document4.2.1. Byssinosis
View the document4.2.2. Bagassosis
View the document4.2.3. Farmer's lung
close this folder4.3. Dermatosis due to contact with plants
View the document(introduction...)
View the document4.3.1. Irritant dermatitis of plants
View the document4.3.2. Eczematous contact dermatitis
View the document4.3.3. Phytophoto dermatitis (dermatitis bullosa striata pratensis)
View the document4.3.4. Diagnosis
View the document4.3.5. Prognosis
View the document4.3.6. Prevention
View the document4.3.7. Treatment
close this folder4.4. Pathology due to snake bites and insect, spider and scorpion stings
View the document4.4.1. Snake bites
View the document4.4.2. Insect stings
View the document4.4.3. Spider bites
View the document4.4.4. Scorpion stings
close this folder5. Diseases particularly related to agricultural work: Zoonoses, infectious and parasitic diseases
View the document5.1. Introduction
close this folder5.2. Viral and rickettsial diseases
View the document5.2.1. Classification and geographical distribution of diseases caused by Russian tick-borne complex
View the document5.2.2. Q fever
close this folder5.3. Bacterial diseases
View the document5.3.1. Anthrax
View the document5.3.2. Brucellosis
View the document5.3.3. Leptospirosis
View the document5.3.4. Tetanus
View the document5.3.5. Tuberculosis as an occupational health problem in agriculture
View the document5.3.6. Tularaemia
View the document5.3.7. Glanders
View the document5.3.8. Melioidosis
View the document5.3.9. Erysipeloid
close this folder5.4. Parasitic diseases
View the document5.4.1. Ancylostomiasis
View the document5.4.2. Schistosomiasis
View the document5.4.3. Leishmaniasis
View the document5.4.4. Contagious ecthyma (orf)
View the document5.4.5. Milkers' nodules
View the document5.4.6. Psittacosis
close this folder5.5. Other infectious diseases affecting agricultural workers
View the document(introduction...)
View the document5.5.1. Rabies
View the document5.5.2. Viral encephalomyelitis
View the document5.5.3. Yellow fever
View the document5.5.4. Dengue
View the document5.5.5. Rocky Mountain spotted fever
View the document5.5.6. Scrub typhus (tsutsugamushi fever)
View the document5.5.7. Plague
View the document5.5.8. Dermatoses
View the document5.5.9. Actinomycosis
View the document5.5.10. Echinococcosis (hydatidosis)
View the document5.5.11. Other diseases of potential occupational significance to agricultural workers
close this folder6. Organisation of occupational health services and medical inspection of labour in agriculture
View the document6.1. Introduction
close this folder6.2. Practical organisation of agricultural health services
View the document(introduction...)
View the document6.2.1. Preliminary investigation
View the document6.2.2. Implementation
View the document6.3. Medical inspection of agricultural work1
close this folder6.4. Problems of education and training in occupational health and hygiene in agriculture
View the document(introduction...)
View the document6.4.1. Education
View the document6.4.2. Training
View the document6.4.3. How to train
View the document6.4.4. Where to train
View the document6.4.5. Provision of training
close this folder6.5. Organisation of first aid
View the document(introduction...)
View the document6.5.1. First-aid training
View the document6.5.2. The treatment centre
View the document6.5.3. Poisoning prevention centres
View the documentGuide to further reading
View the documentSome other ILO publications on occupational safety and health
View the documentBack cover


International Labour Office Geneva


Photo (front cover): FAO, Rome

Copyright © International Labour Organisation 1979

Publications of the International Labour Office enjoy copyright under Protocol 2 of the Universal Copyright Convention. Nevertheless, short excerpts from them may be reproduced without authorisation, on condition that the source is indicated. For rights of reproduction or translation, application should be made to the Editorial and Translation Branch, International Labour Office, CH-1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland. The International Labour Office welcomes such applications.

ISBN 92-2-101974-8
First published 1979

The designations employed in ILO publications, which are in conformity with United Nations practice, and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the International Labour Office concerning the legal status of any country or territory or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers. The responsibility for opinions expressed in signed articles, studies and other contributions rests solely with their authors, and publication does not constitute an endorsement by the International Labour Office of the opinions expressed in them.

ILO publications can be obtained through major booksellers or ILO local offices in many countries, or direct from ILO Publications, International Labour Office, CH-1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland. A catalogue or list of new publications will be sent free of charge from the above address.

Printed by Egyetemi Nyomda, Budapest (Hungary)

The International Programme for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment (PIACT) was launched by the International Labour Organisation in 1976 at the request of the International Labour Conference and after extensive consultations with member States. PIACT is designed to promote or support action by member States to set and attain definite objectives aiming at "making work more human" The Programme is thus concerned with improving the quality of working life in all its aspects: for example, the prevention of occupational accidents and diseases, a wider application of the principles of ergonomics, the improvement of the content and organisation of work and of conditions of work in general, a greater concern for the human element in the transfer of technology. To achieve these aims, PIACT makes use of and co-ordinates the traditional means of ILO action, including:

- the preparation and revision of international labour standards;

- tripartite meetings between representatives of governments, employers and workers, including industrial committees to study the problems facing major industries, regional meetings and meetings of experts;

- action-oriented studies and research;

- clearing-house activities, especially through the International Occupational Safety and Health Information Centre (CIS); and

- operational activities, including the despatch of multidisciplinary teams to assist member States on request.

This publication is the outcome of a PIACT project.