|The Organization of First Aid in the Workplace (ILO, 1999, 70 p.)|
|5. The training of first-aid personnel|
|5.2. Basic training|
Basic programmes of training usually require around ten hours. This is a minimum. Programmes can be divided into two parts, dealing respectively with the general task to be performed, and the actual delivery of first aid. Accordingly, they will cover the subject areas outlined below:
The objective is to inform the trainee and to ensure that he or she has the capability to perform the general tasks of a first-aider:
(a) how first aid is organized;
(b) how to assess the situation, the magnitude and severity of the injuries, and the need for additional medical help;
(c) how to protect the casualty against further injury without creating a risk for oneself; the location and use of the rescue equipment;
(d) how to observe and interpret the general condition of the victim (e.g. unconsciousness, respiratory and cardiovascular distress, bleeding, shock);
(e) the location, use and maintenance of the first-aid equipment and facilities;
(f) the plan for access to additional care;
(g) what must be done in conjunction with delivering first aid and thereafter.
The objective is to provide basic knowledge and to ensure the capability to deliver first aid. At the basic level, this would include in particular:
- external wounds;
- fractured bones or joints;
- crushing injury (e.g. to the thorax or abdomen);
- unconsciousness, especially if accompanied by respiratory difficulties or arrest;
- eye injuries;
- personal hygiene in dealing with wounds.
Depending on circumstances within the enterprise, the basic programme of training may be adjusted by the addition of other topics.