Cover Image
close this bookWomen in Informal Sector (Dar Es Salaam University Press, 1995, 46 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderINTRODUCTION
View the documentWhat is an Informal Sector?
View the documentThe Jua Kali Concept
View the documentSmall is Great
close this folderTHE STUDY OF THE INFORMAL SECTOR
View the documentThe Dualistic Approach
View the documentThe Place of the Informal Sector and Development
close this folderWOMEN IN THE INFORMAL SECTOR
View the documentA Historical Note
View the documentWhy Women Enter Into The Informal Sector?
close this folderWho Are the Women in the Informal Sector?
View the documentThe Class Connotation
View the documentAge
View the documentEducation
close this folderTHE SOCIAL DIMENSION
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderThe Limits
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentEducation and Time
View the documentMarkets
View the documentWork Burden
View the documentSecurity and Health
View the documentFirewood Collection
View the documentOpen Space Cooking
View the documentBeer Brewing
View the documentFeminization of Poverty
close this folderINTERNATIONALIZATION OF POVERTY
View the documentLords of Poverty
View the documentInappropriate Technology
View the documentCONCLUSION
View the documentSELECTED REFERENCES
View the documentBACK COVER

Open Space Cooking

The women commonly known as mama ntilie in Dar es Salaam, prepare their food in makeshift houses of cardboard or other hard boards such as cigarette boxes. Generally they cook in open spaces. They sometimes work with their children whom they carry on their backs or place near their cooking places. The smoke and fire itself is a threat to the health of both the mothers and the children.

When preparing doughnuts (maandazi) and rice cakes (vitumbua) or the flat cakes (chapati) they use cooking oil and charcoal along the corridors or verandas of their houses for example in Manzese, Buguruni and Kariakoo. Sometimes the charcoal may produce smoke and burst into flames. If there are children around, it is a great risk to their health. So whatever they do as women, it is a risk to their health.