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close this bookCommunity Approach to Integrated Basic Services Promoting Health and Livelihood for the Urban Poor - UNCHS Pilot Project: Lucknow, Rajkot, Visakhapatnam (Government of India - HABITAT, 1999, 90 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentMessage
View the documentForeword
View the documentPreface
View the documentExecutive Summary
close this folder1. Introduction
View the document1.1 Background
View the document1.2 Poverty Alleviation Initiatives
View the document1.3 Review and Rationalization of the Poverty Interventions
View the document1.4 UNCHS - INDIA Partnership to fight poverty
View the document1.5 The Co-operation
View the document1.6 Implementation Strategy
View the document1.7 City Level Implementation Activities
View the document1.8 Distribution of Resources under SJSRY
View the document1.9 Institutional Arrangements
View the document1.10 Future Perspectives
close this folder2. Lucknow City Project
View the document2.1 The City Profile
View the document2.2 Socio-economic Profile
View the document2.3 Infrastructure Arrangements
View the document2.4 Institutional Arrangements, Management and Finance
View the document2.5 Slum areas under UNCHS Programme
View the document2.6 Strategies and Activities
close this folder3. Rajkot City Project
View the document3.1 The City Profile
View the document3.2 Socio-economic Profile of Slums
View the document3.3 Infrastructure Arrangements
View the document3.4 Institutional Arrangements, Management and Finance
View the document3.5 Slum Areas under UNCHS Programme
View the document3.6 Strategies and Activities
close this folder4. Visakhapatnam City Project
View the document4.1 The City Profile
View the document4.2 Socio-economic Profile
View the document4.3 Infrastructure Arrangements
View the document4.4 Institutional Arrangements, Management and Finance
View the document4.5 Slum Areas under UNCHS Programme
View the document4.6 Strategies and Activities
close this folder5. Future Perspectives
View the document5.1 Project Gains
View the document5.2 Strategy for Replicability
View the document5.3 Sustainability
View the documentAbbreviations

5.3 Sustainability

The judicious management of funds with freedom of choice by the poor will happen only when they participate in the planning process thus enabling them to use the money with greater economy and financial leverage. The application of group intelligence helps to find better and practical ways to find use for money dedicated for improvement of their areas.

At the same time it is important to mobilise internal resources rather than looking for external subsidies or grants. Thrift and Credit Societies might help in improving the economic structure of the beneficiaries and their repaying capacities. Once the repaying capacities are increased, loans from development agencies like NABARD, HUDCO etc. could be mobilised. Thrift and Credit Societies are likely to establish and strengthen group dynamics as well as transparency in distribution as well as repayment of the seed capital. Recovery of cost from these societies will also be significantly high.

The key aspect of the present programme was the concept of convergence of programmes addressing the multiple problems of the urban poor, as also the independent efforts of the respective municipalities to improve slum areas. It is obvious that the removal of poverty entails physical, social, economic, health and environmental improvements. The UNCHS programme succeeded in involving the various agencies and other stakeholders in the pilot cities. The continuance of such co-ordinated efforts will go a long way in ensuring sustainability of future projects.