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close this bookCommunity Approach to Integrated Basic Services Promoting Health and Livelihood for the Urban Poor - UNCHS Pilot Project: Lucknow, Rajkot, Visakhapatnam (Government of India - HABITAT, 1999, 90 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentMessage
View the documentForeword
View the documentPreface
View the documentExecutive Summary
close this folder1. Introduction
View the document1.1 Background
View the document1.2 Poverty Alleviation Initiatives
View the document1.3 Review and Rationalization of the Poverty Interventions
View the document1.4 UNCHS - INDIA Partnership to fight poverty
View the document1.5 The Co-operation
View the document1.6 Implementation Strategy
View the document1.7 City Level Implementation Activities
View the document1.8 Distribution of Resources under SJSRY
View the document1.9 Institutional Arrangements
View the document1.10 Future Perspectives
close this folder2. Lucknow City Project
View the document2.1 The City Profile
View the document2.2 Socio-economic Profile
View the document2.3 Infrastructure Arrangements
View the document2.4 Institutional Arrangements, Management and Finance
View the document2.5 Slum areas under UNCHS Programme
View the document2.6 Strategies and Activities
close this folder3. Rajkot City Project
View the document3.1 The City Profile
View the document3.2 Socio-economic Profile of Slums
View the document3.3 Infrastructure Arrangements
View the document3.4 Institutional Arrangements, Management and Finance
View the document3.5 Slum Areas under UNCHS Programme
View the document3.6 Strategies and Activities
close this folder4. Visakhapatnam City Project
View the document4.1 The City Profile
View the document4.2 Socio-economic Profile
View the document4.3 Infrastructure Arrangements
View the document4.4 Institutional Arrangements, Management and Finance
View the document4.5 Slum Areas under UNCHS Programme
View the document4.6 Strategies and Activities
close this folder5. Future Perspectives
View the document5.1 Project Gains
View the document5.2 Strategy for Replicability
View the document5.3 Sustainability
View the documentAbbreviations

4.1 The City Profile






Visakhapatnam City is situated on the east coast of India facing the Bay of Bengal. The City Municipality was constituted in the year 1858 and upgraded to a Municipal Corporation in the year 1979. It is India's fourth largest port and is the most rapidly growing industrial city of Andhra Pradesh. In addition to its role as Eastern headquarters of the Indian Navy, it has developed ship building, oil refining, fertilizer, petrochemical, sugar and oil refinery in addition to India's newest and largest steel plant. It is linked with air, rail, and bus services apart from occasional sea service.

The growth of the city had started from the establishment of the Visakhapatnam Steel Plant and a number of ancillary industries. The consequent increase in the requirement of developed land for housing and other uses led to the expansion of the Municipal Corporation limits from time to time. From the earlier area of 15.20, these limits were extended in 1964 to include an area of 78.33 and again in 1994 to an area of 111.60 In this process six surrounding villages also got included in the metropolitan area and contributed an additional area of 33.28

The city of Visakhapatnam has also seen a steady growth of population, which grew from 1,08,000 in 1951 to 8,82,000 in 1991 (Table 4.1). There was a tremendous spurt in population growth in the decade 1961 -1971 mainly due to the establishment of the steel plant and subsequent in-migration from around the state of Andhra Pradesh. The current population is estimated to be well above 1 million.

Table 4.1 Population growth of Visakhapatnam