Cover Image
close this bookSustaining the Future. Economic, Social, and Environmental Change in Sub-Saharan Africa (UNU, 1996, 365 p.)
View the documentNote to the reader from the UNU
close this folderPreface
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentBackground
View the documentRegional environmental futures
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View the documentOpening address by the Hon. Minister of Environment, Science and Technology
close this folderIntroduction
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentEconomy and society: Development issues
View the documentEnvironmental issues and futures
View the documentEnvironment and resource management
View the documentInstitutional issues
View the documentEnvironment and development in Ghana
View the documentRecommendations
View the documentReferences
close this folderPart 1: Economy and society: development issues
close this folderPoverty, vulnerability, and rural development
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentThe nature of poverty
View the documentRural poverty and development in Sub-Saharan Africa
View the documentAspects of economy and society in SS Africa
View the documentVulnerability
View the documentPoverty and economic reform
View the documentConclusion
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close this folderEnvironmental management and social equity
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe key notions
View the documentThe political-economic context of contemporary environmental management
View the documentSocial equity and environmental management: Some examples
View the documentThe way forward
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close this folderIntroduction to population, resources, and sustainable development in Sub-Saharan Africa
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentInternal and international migration
View the documentNatural resources
View the documentHuman resources
View the documentPopulation, agricultural land, and food supply
View the documentPopulation, economy, and sustainable development
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close this folderUrbanization and industrialization: What future for Sub-Saharan Africa?
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe continuing rapid rate and scale of urbanization
View the documentThe urban environment
View the documentThe limitations of industrialization
View the documentThe impact of structural adjustment
View the documentSub-Saharan Africa as the global periphery
View the documentImplications for urbanization and industrialization
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close this folderUrban environmental management and issues in Africa south of the Sahara
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe process of urbanization in Sub-Saharan Africa
View the documentThe nature of environmental problems
View the documentCauses of the current problems
View the documentThe way forward
View the documentConcluding remarks
View the documentReferences
close this folderPart 2: Environmental issues and futures
close this folderTowards sustainable environmental and resource management futures in Sub-Saharan Africa
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe concept of sustainable development and its implications
View the documentDriving forces
View the documentLevels of environmental effects of human activities and sustainability concerns
View the documentConstraints on sustainable development in Sub-Saharan Africa
View the documentRecommendations
View the documentReferences
close this folderDrought, desertification, and water management in Sub-Saharan Africa
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentDroughts in Sub-Saharan Africa and their implications for planning and development
View the documentDesertification
View the documentLand degradation and management of soil and water
View the documentConclusion
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentReferences
close this folderTropical deforestation and its impact on soil, environment, and agricultural productivity
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentTRF and its conversion
View the documentSoils of the TRF ecosystem
View the documentForest conversion and soil productivity
View the documentDeforestation and the emission of radiatively active gases
View the documentDeforestation and hydrological balance
View the documentSustainable use of the TRF ecosystem
View the documentResearch needs
View the documentReferences
close this folderThe coastal zone and oceanic problems of Sub-Saharan Africa
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe value of the coastal zone and oceans
View the documentThe main problems and their causes
View the documentRemedies
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close this folderPart 3: Environment and resource management
close this folderAgricultural development in the age of sustainability: Crop production
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe ecological zones of Sub-Saharan Africa
View the documentGeneral crop production constraints and potentials for overcoming them
View the documentTechnologies with potential for sustainable resource management
View the documentWomen's underexploited potential
View the documentSuggested approaches to sustainable production
View the documentSummary
View the documentConclusions
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentReferences
close this folderAgricultural development in the age of sustainability: Livestock production
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentLivestock production, productivity, and feed resources
View the documentThe effect of government policy on livestock production
View the documentSuggested solutions
View the documentSummary and conclusions
View the documentReferences
close this folderThe fuelwood/energy crisis in Sub-Saharan Africa
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentPopulation and environmental concerns
View the documentThe primary energy sector in Sub-Saharan Africa
View the documentProblems of the energy sector in Sub-Saharan Africa
View the documentThe socio-economic implications of the fuelwood crisis
View the documentStrategies to combat the fuelwood crisis Strategies to combst the fuelwood crisis
View the documentNew and renewable energy development
View the documentConclusion
View the documentReferences
close this folderThe case for mineral resources management and development in Sub-Saharan Africa
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentReferences
close this folderPart 4: Institutional issues
close this folderModes of international and regional research cooperation
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe global change programmes
View the documentNetworking
View the documentEnvironmental governance
View the documentOutlook
View the documentReferences
close this folderNational, regional, and international cooperation for sustainable environmental and resource management: The place and roles of NGOs
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentInformation sharing
View the documentPartnerships with other institutions
View the documentDialogues with governmental and industry organs
View the documentLinking with policy institutions
View the documentWorking with monitoring institutions for effective implementation and accountability
View the documentConclusion
View the documentReferences
close this folderPart 5: Environment and development in Ghana
close this folderInstitutional issues on the environment and resource management with reference to Ghana
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentEarly developments
View the documentThe Stockholm Conference and after
View the documentThe Environmental Action Plan (EAP)
View the documentInstitutional problems and issues
View the documentThe implementation of the Environmental Action Plan
View the documentConclusion
View the documentReferences
close this folderThe environmental impact and sustainability of plantations in Sub-Saharan Africa: Ghana's experiences with oil-palm plantations
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentOverview of the plantation system in the Sub-Sahara
View the documentThe evolution of plantations in Ghana
View the documentThe positive impacts of the plantations
View the documentAdverse environmental impacts and sustainability
View the documentConclusion
View the documentReferences
View the documentContributors

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Brookfield, H. 1993. What is PLEC about? PLEC News and Views, no. 1: 2-8.

Brown Weiss, E. (ed.) 1992. Environmental Change and International Law: New Challenges and Dimensions. Tokyo: United Nations University Press.

Byerlee, D. and M. P. Collinson. 1980. Planning Technologies Appropriate to Farmers Concepts and Procedures. Mexico: CIMMYT.

Chambers, R. 1983. Rural Development: Putting the Last First. London: Longman.

Chambers, R. and B. P. Ghildyal. 1985. Agricultural Research for Resource-Poor Farmers: The Farmer-First-and-Last Model. IDS Discussion Paper 302. Sussex: Institute of Development Studies.

Davidson, O. R. 1993. Carbon abatement potential in West Africa. In: P. Hayes and

K. Smith (eds.), The Clobal Greenhouse Regime: Who Pays? London: Earthscan, and Tokyo: United Nations University Press, pp. 210 232.

Davis, K. and M. S. Bernstam (eds.) 1990. Resources, Environment and Population: Present Knowledge, Future Options. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Eddy, J. A., T. F. Malone, J. J. McCarthy, and T. Rosswall (eds.) 1991. Global Change System for Analysis, Research and Training (START). Report of a Meeting in Bellagio. Global Change Report no. 15, Bou]der, Colo.

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Hatch, J. K. 1976. The Corn Farmers of Motupe: A Study of Traditional Farming Practices in Northern Coastal Peru. Land Tenure Center Monographs no. 1, University of Wisconsin, Madison.

Hayes, P. and K. Smith (eds.) 1993. The Global Greenhouse Regime: Who Pays? London: Earthscan, and Tokyo: United Nations University Press.

HDP (Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Programme). 1989. Human Dimensions of Global Change: An International Programme on Human Interaction with the Earth. Report of the Tokyo International Symposium on the Human Response to Global Change, 1988. Toronto: IFIAS/ISSC/UNU.

IGBP (International Geosphere Biosphere Programme). 1992. Global Change: Reducing Uncertainties. Stockholm: IGBP.

Jacobson, H. K. and M. F. Price. 1990. A Framework for Research for the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change. Paris: ISSC/UNESCO.

Jazairy, 1., M. Alamgir, and T. Panuccio. 1992. The State of World Rural Poverty: An Inquiry into Its Causes and Consequences. international Fund for Agricultural Development. London: IT Publications.

Kasperson, J. X., R. E. Kasperson, and B. L. Turner, II (eds.) 1995. Regions at Risk. Tokyo: United Nations University Press.

Manshard, W. and J. I. Uitto. 1993. Environmental studies in the humid tropics: UNU programmes and future perspectives. In: J. I. Uitto and M. ClusenerGodt (eds.), Environmentally Sound Socio-economic Development in the Humid Tropics: Perspectives from Asia and Africa. Tokyo: United Nations University, pp. 7-29.

Merrill-Sands, D. 1986. The Technology Applications Gap Overcoming Constraints to Small Farmer Development. FAO Research and Technology Paper no. 1. Rome: FAO.

Merrill-Sands, D. and J. McAllister. 1989. Strengthening the Integration of On-Farm Client-Oriented Research and Experiment Station Research in National Agricultural Research Systems. Management Lessons from Nine Country Case Studies. OFCOR Comparative Study no. 1. The Hague: International Service for National Agricultural Research.

Rockwell, R. C. and R. H. Moss. 1992. The view from 1996. Environment 34(1): 12 38.

Shaner, W. W., P. F. Philipp, and W. R. Schmehl. 1982. Farming Systems Research and Development Guidelines for Developing Countries. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.

Stone, P. B. (ed.) 1992. The State of the World's Mountains: A Clobal Report. London: Zed Books.

UNFPA. 1991. Population, Resources and the Environment: The Critical Challenges. New York: United Nations Population Fund.

Young, O. R., G. J. Demko, and K. Ramakrishna. 1991. Global Environmental Change and International Governance. Summary and Recommendations of a Conference held at Dartmouth College. United Nations University, Dartmouth College, World Resources Institute, and Woods Hole Research Center, Hanover, New Hampshire.