Cover Image
close this bookSustainable Development and Persons with Disabilities: The Process of Self-Empowerment (ADF, 1995, 117 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAbout the author
View the documentForeword
View the documentForeword
View the documentAbbreviations
View the documentSources and acknowledgements
close this folderSection I: Understanding and perception
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderChapter 1: Introduction
View the documentObjectives of this guide
View the documentWho may use the guide
View the documentLanguage and liberation
View the documentDebate and discussion must continue
View the documentChapter 2: An integrated approach to sustainable development for persons with disability
close this folderChapter 3: The enabling environment: SAPs, development and disability
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAction guidelines
View the documentAppendix 1: Structural adjustment programme (SAP) - The experience of Zambia
close this folderChapter 4: Community-based rehabilitation
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPractices in relation to the PWDs
View the documentWhat is CBR?
View the documentCase studies
View the documentA general assessment of CBR: Possibilities and limitations
View the documentAction guidelines
close this folderSection II: Building economic self-reliance
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderChapter 5: Building economic self-reliance
View the documentThe importance of self-reliance
View the documentEmployment options for PWDs
View the documentGroup versus individually designed and managed IGPs
View the documentIGPs at the crossroads of gender and class
View the documentAction guidelines
close this folderChapter 6: Income generating project planning
View the documentThe importance of planning
View the documentThe experience of a clothing manufacturing project run by a PWD organisation
View the documentOther lessons to learn from other experiences
View the documentRecommendations of the entebbe workshop
View the documentWhat is involved in successful planning
View the documentWhat kind of information is needed for planning?
View the documentWhat do we do with all this information?
View the documentAction guidelines
close this folderChapter 7: Implementation and resource mobilisation
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentSustainability
View the documentResource mobilisation
View the documentRunning an enterprise
View the documentSome case studies of projects run by PWDs
View the documentAction guidelines
View the documentAppendix 1: Revolving loan scheme (RLS)
View the documentAppendix 2: The Entebbe workshop resolution con RLS
close this folderChapter 8: Monitoring and evaluation: Measuring the success of IGPs
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentMonitoring
View the documentEvaluation
View the documentMethodology of monitoring and evaluation
View the documentAction guidelines
close this folderChapter 9: Capacity building: Skills training and institution building
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentEmpowerment
View the documentThe pedagogy of disability training
View the documentWomen with disabilities and capacity building for IGPs
View the documentAction guidelines
close this folderSection III: Lobbying, networking and building alliances
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderChapter 10: Strategies for lobbying, networking and building alliances
View the documentPWDs are their own principal change agents
View the documentLobbying, advocacy and networking
View the documentBroad alliances
View the documentAction guidelines
close this folderNotes and references
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentADF board of directors

Action guidelines

A. For Persons with Disability

They must:

· Organise themselves to advance their own case

· Consider the possibilities of CBR with an open mind

· Develop leadership amongst themselves

· Fight against prejudice and discrimination

· Lobby government to adopt 'WHO and ILO Conventions

· Raise awareness of all those around them on the attitudinal and institutional barriers against their integration

· Overcome fears against prejudices that marginalise them

· Insist on mainstreaming their activities, and not be treated to isolationist programmes

· Insist on the participatory approaches to planning of programmes and projects

· Build broad solidarities for action, and build active networking strategies

B. For the Community:

The community should:

· Encourage progressive change in the attitude towards PWDs. Integration should be sought not for its own sake but also to change the environment. Integration must be undertaken in an interactive manner. The PWDs also have a lot to contribute to the community. It is not a one-sided affair.

· Work towards full participation of the PWDs, so they recognise themselves as part of the community.

· Prepare itself to integrate the PWDs in their regular development efforts. Build upon community institutions. Identify and actively overcome institutional barriers.

· Encourage "Practical skills" among the able-bodied people: to listen to be sensitive to the needs of persons with disabilities to wait to be asked for help, or ask if help is needed to restrain from being overprotective to facilitate accessibility

· Modify physical and architectural aspects of public facilities [e.g. toilets, doorways, switches].

C. For the Government

The government should:

· Facilitate the integration of disabled children in mainstream schools.

· Provide for the training of PWDs with skills that would enable them to live amongst their communities with dignity; and, where possible, this training be integrated with able bodied persons.

· Facilitate the acquisition of appropriate aids for people with disabilities to take on gainful occupation within the communities

· Recognise the work done by (NGOs) in the field of CBR and support their efforts, for example, through enabling them to import equipment and tools without import duties.

· Provide guidelines and monitor the activities of (NGOs)

· Provide adequate backup and referral services in government hospitals and village clinics.

· Provide adequate extension services to CBR projects of disabled peoples that are based on agriculture, livestock management and fishing.

· Provide basic management skills and extension services to PWDs to enable them to run their businesses.

· Empower local authorities with finance and enabling legislation to facilitate CBR programmes.

D. For IGOs, INGOs and (NGOs) working with PWDs

They should:

· Be sensitive about matters of concern to the PWDs in their development programmes

· Involve the community in the planning and implementation of development projects.

· Ensure active participation of PWDs in development projects.

· Play a facilitative, not directive, role

· Be cautious about killing local initiative through overfunding or through creating false expectations

· For proper coordination, the local and international (NGOs) need to consult with one another before getting into a CBR project. The consultation must continue on a regular basis.

Some issues for Further Discussion

The communities in Africa are already impoverished as a result of global economic dynamics - such as SAPs and now the effects of the Uruguay Round of trade agreements. How can they and the PWDs who live among them take up these new challenges?

There is need for further discussion on the division of responsibilities between the various stakeholders: the disabled persons themselves, the families, the Government, the local community, the international community, the NGOs, the funders, etc. How can this discussion be facilitated?

How well equipped are NGOs (even those of the disabled persons) to manage CBR programmes? How do we further the empowerment of the PWDs within the NGOs?

Are there specific concerns which women (PWDs and able bodied) in communities with CBR programmes have to address? What are these issues, and how might they be addressed?

How well equipped is the CBR approach in catering for the severely disabled persons, their carets, and other marginalised disabilities?

Does the current CBR training and curriculum cater for adequate human-power development?