|Toward Gender Equality: The Role of Public Policy (WB, 1995, 88 p.)|
|Definitions and Data Notes|
|Progress to Date|
|Why Do Gender Inequalities Persist?|
|Strategies for the Future|
|Gender Inequalities Persist|
|Gender Inequalities Hamper Growth|
|Household and Intrahousehold Resource Allocation|
|Linkages between Education Health, and Nutritious|
|Household and Labor Market Linkages|
|Formal Sector Employment|
|Access to Financial Markets|
|Access to Lund and Property|
|Access to Extension Services|
|Public Policies Matter|
|Equalizing Opportunities by Modifying, the Legal Framework|
|Land and Property Rights|
|Labor Market Policies and Employment Law|
|Women's bargaining position in relation to household|
|Financial Laws and Regulations|
|Inflation tends to hit women harder than men.|
|Using Targeting Measures to Narrow the Gender|
|Involving Beneficiaries in Public Policy|
|Generating and Analyzing Gender-Desegregated Data|
|Working in Collaboration|
|Strengthening International Policies to Meet New Challenges|
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THE WORLD BANK A partner in strengthening economies and expanding markets to improve the quality of life for people everywhere, especially the poorest
Gender equality is not only a matter of social justice but also good economics. It is of foremost importance to women's wellbeing and development. Discrimination means losses in productivity and lower welfare of women, their families, and society at large.
Although the gender gap is narrowing in education, health, and many other areas, women are still less educated than men, work more hours, and are paid less. The reasons why gender disparities persist are complex, having to do with social and institutional norms, relationships within households, and even lack of information about the benefits of educating and employing women. Despite the weight of social and cultural factors, public policy can influence women's status and well-being. Governments have a leading role in widening the opportunities available to women and extending the services that are vitally important to them.
This report outlines what governments and development agencies
can do to work toward greater gender equality- one of the best investments a
society can make. Public policy can affect investments in health, education, and
infrastructure through laws and regulations. It can also affect land ownership,
financial services, and access to employment. Not least important, public
policies can affect macroeconomic performance and create a favorable climate for