Cover Image
close this bookBetter Farming Series 22 - Cocoa (FAO - INADES, 1977, 32 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
close this folderGrowing cocoa
View the documentCocoa is grown on trees
View the documentWhat varieties of cocoa can be grown in Africa?
View the documentWhy cocoa is grown
close this folderChoosing seeds and growing seedlings
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentChoosing seeds
View the documentSowing seed sin nursery beds or in baskets
View the documentLifting seedlings from nursery beds
close this folderChoosing and preparing the plantation site
View the documentChoosing the site
View the documentClearing the site
View the documentPreparing to plant cocoa trees
View the documentPlanting cocoa trees in a plantation
close this folderTaking care of the plantation
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentWeeding and soil cover
View the documentPruning cocoa trees
View the documentApplying fertilizers
View the documentProtection from insects and diseases
View the documentHarvesting the pods
View the documentProcessing cocoa beans
View the documentSuggested question paper

Preparing to plant cocoa trees

23. With traditional methods, planting is most often done in a haphazard way.

The cocoa trees are not planted in rows.

There is not the same distance between them.

When the trees are too far apart, they do not use all the soil; when they are too close, they grow badly.

Instead, you should always plant in rows.

First mark the rows for the cocoa trees, leaving about 2.5 to 3 metres between rows.

Along each row, mark out with pegs the spots where the cocoa trees are to go.

Leave about 2.5 to 3 metres between trees.

In this way you can plant about 1000 to 1600 seedlings per hectare.

24. Digging the holes

Before planting cocoa trees, the grower must dig holes in order to stir the earth and loosen it.

Dig the holes two months before planting the cocoa trees.

When you are digging the hole, do not mix together the soil from above and the soil from below:

Make two separate heaps.