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close this bookEcologically Sound Energy Planning Strategies for Sustainable Development (Indian Institute of Sciences)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAbstract:
close this folder1.0 Introduction:
View the document(introduction...)
close this folder1.1 Energy resource:
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View the document1.2.0 Karnataka State: Location and Demography Details:
View the document1.2.1 Karnataka's Energy Scene:
View the document1.2.2 Electrical Energy Use in Karnataka:
View the document2.0 Energy conservation
close this folder3.0 Renewable energy sources
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View the document3.1.0 Solar energy conversion modes:
View the document3.1.1 Solar water heating
View the document3.1.2 Industrial and commercial systems:
View the document3.1.3 Domestic water heating:
View the document3.1.4 Present status in Karnataka:
View the document3.1.5 Technical issues:
View the document3.2.0 Wind Energy:
View the document3.2.1 Wind energy systems:
View the document3.2.2 Economic aspects:
View the document3.3.0 Waste/Residue based energy:
View the document3.4.0 Hydro electric power and energy:
View the document4.0 Energy Planning:
View the document5.0 Integrated Renewable Energy Concepts
View the document6.0 Conclusions:
View the document7.0 References:


Energy resources are broadly categorised as (a) renewable and (b) depletables. The depletable resources are stored one whose availability keep on decreasing depending on their use. While, renewable sources are available every year and hence defined as a flow of energy that is not exhausted by being used. Examples of renewable are hydro-energy, solar, wind, geo-thermal, wave, tidal, biomass, energy from wastes (biogas, agrowastes, industrial wastes etc). Example of non renewable are petroleum products, coal, uranium etc. If the annual consumption of fuelwood is less than its annual production then fuelwood can also be treated renewable source of energy. Energy resources are also classified as primary or secondary ones - coal, firewood etc are being primary while electricity a secondary one. Whenever there is transformation of energy from one form to another only a part of energy input gets converted to usable output. To highlight the increased use of depletable resources of energy with increased population without much conservation efforts energy consumption patterns for Karnataka in south India are studied over a period of time (Ramachandra 1994, Government of Karnataka 1990). These studies reveals that how vast scope exists for introduction of conservation measures and as well as introduction of renewable sources to sustain if not speed up the overall development of the state.