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close this bookSoil Conservation Techniques for Hillside Farms (Peace Corps, 1986, 96 p.)
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View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentTraditional Honduran hill side farming techniques and resulting problems
close this folderSoil conservation strategies
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View the documentStrategies aimed at minimizing soil disturbance
close this folderStrategies in cultivation systems characterized by extensive soil disturbance
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View the documentCrop rotation
View the documentContour barriers (live, dead and mixed barriers)
View the documentContour ditches (drainage and infiltration ditches)
View the documentTerraces (individual, discontinuous narrow, and continuous bench terraces)
View the documentWaterways from draining excess water for fields
View the documentGully prevention and control
View the documentSteps to follow in designing a conservation plan
close this folderSoil fertility and its maintenance
View the documentIntroduction to soil fertility
View the documentChemical fertilizers
close this folderOrganic fertilizers
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View the documentManures and crop residues
View the documentGreen manure crops
View the documentComposting
View the documentComposting with earthworms
close this folderExtension methodology
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View the documentTimetable of events associated with a ''typical'' two year peace corps volunteer service.
View the documentGuidelines for evaluating extension work
View the documentExtension techniques
View the documentWorking with groups
close this folderConclusion
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View the documentSuggested references
View the documentEnglish - Spanish vocabulary list
View the documentDichotomous key to the selection of soil conservation practices
View the documentResults of the Santa Cruz extension project: farm budgets and the profitability of modern agricultural techniques.
View the documentTwo simple levels for use in surveying contour lines
View the documentSome demonstrations useful in promoting new techniques


There are two types of strategies which may be followed in attempts to reduce the detrimental environmental effects of the agricultural activity. The most effective is to avoid the damage due to rainfall impact by minimizing soil disturbance and promoting practices which maintain a ground cover. The second, less effective, but easier to integrate into traditional land use practices, is to continue many of the typical agricultural techniques which result in rainfall impact, but minimizing soil loss and water runoff by crop rotations or by the placement of structures (barriers, ditches, terraces) to reduce the movement of soil and water along the soil surface. These two types of strategies make up the basis of all the conservation schemes discussed here. They are discussed as separate techniques, but the best control of soil erosion, water runoff, and maintenance of soil fertility results from combining all of the complementary techniques appropriate for a particular cultivation system.