Gef structure and operations
Responsibility for implementing the Global Environmental
Facility (GEF) is shared by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the
United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), and the World Bank. UNDP is
responsible for technical assistance and capacity-building, along with project
identification and preparation and a small grants program for NGOs.
In climate change, the overall strategy of GEF financed
activities is to support sustainable measures to minimise damages from climate
change by reducing the risk, or the adverse effects, of climate change.
GEF operations span 3 broad, interrelated categories:
· Long-term Operational
· Enabling activities:
inventories, analysis, action plans, assisting national communications to
conventions (e.g. the development of national report to Conventions).
· Short-term responses,
e.g. projects aimed solely at reducing net emissions of greenhouse gases at low
Because "enabling" activities are the foundation for much of the
GEF climate-change portfolio, they will be emphasised, initially. This focus
will shift gradually to the other types of activities, mainly long-term
An Operational Program is a planning framework for projects
geared to achieve a global environmental objective. It organises the development
of country-driven projects and ensures systematic coordination.
The Operational Programs to achieve long-term effects are:
· Removal of barriers to
energy efficiency and energy conservation. The aim of projects in this
category is to identify and remove barriers to profitable energy-efficiency and
energy-conservation activities. Examples: strengthen institutions that promote
energy-efficiency, improve building standards and codes, establish energy
service companies, and provide limited demonstrations of energy-efficient
· Promoting the adoption of
renewable energy by removing barriers and reducing implementation costs.
This operational program addresses commercial or near-commercial
renewable-energy technologies. Such renewable-energy technologies include
photovoltaics, the use of agricultural residues to generate heat and power,
other technologies using biofuels, methane control in waste disposal, and wind
· Reducing the long-term
costs of energy technologies that minimize emissions of greenhouse gases.
Efforts in this program are designed to reduce the cost of prospective
technologies that have not yet become widespread least-cost alternatives. This
approach is well suited to proven, but less mature technologies, such as
solar-thermal power generation; grid-connected and household-related solar
applications; advanced bio-mass power and fuel technologies; fuel cells; and
base-load wind power.
UNDP/GEF Funding Windows
· Operational programs
are long-term (3-7 years) full-size projects on a large scale (e.g. $2 mill.
· The Project Development
Facility (PDF) supports the development of large-scale projects from the
concept stage to fully approved project documents. There are three sizes of PDF
grants: Block A, grants of up to $25,000, supports the early stages of project
formulation. Supported activities can include workshops and/or short-term
consultancies for project development. Block B. grants of up to $350,000 for
project development, often fund large regional or global pre-project activities
culminating in one or more UNDP/GEF Project Briefs. Block C, grants of up to $1
million, support feasibility work on largescale projects.
· Medium-sized projects
undergo a streamlined project preparation and approval process for grants of
up to $1 million. Projects below $ 750,000 have a special fast-track procedure.
· The Small Grants Program
provides grants of up to $50,000 for initiatives by local community
· Enabling activities
assist countries in preparing strategies, action plans and reports that
fulfil their obligations under the international environmental conventions.
UNDP/GEF Handling of Proposals
The first step is to submit a 2- or 3-page Project Concept
Paper to the UNDP country office. If the project is deemed eligible,
application may be made for a PDF grant, which would support the
development of a 10-15 pages Project Brief for review by the GEF Council.
A letter of endorsement from the host government must accompany the Project
Brief. The process then continues toward development of a full Project