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close this bookGuide Book for TVE Teacher Education Curriculum Development and Adaptation (NITE - UNESCO, 1996, 32 p.)
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Technical Teacher Education for Technical and Vocational Education and Training exists separately but mostly as in-service programme. Structured courses, based on a credit system exist for the Certificate and Diploma in Technical Teachers' Education and the Graduate Diploma in Technical Teacher Education. These courses are offered mainly under the Labour and Manpower Department for Vocational Teachers, and under the Ministry of Education and Provincial Directorates of Technical Education for Technical Education Teachers.

Formal courses for various entry-level teachers, are based on a need assessment study and expected profile of Technical Teachers. The courses are periodically revised (or at least reviewed). Main areas of the courses include subject upgrading/updating, supervised Industrial Training, Pedagogy (Education), with an overall emphasis on pedagogy (60-100%) depending upon the course.

Short courses form a regular feature of in-service staff-development efforts as per needs of the situation. With a major revision of the courses at Diploma of Associate Engineer (DAE), major efforts for such courses come as Computer Applications, skill and subject upgrading for new areas of technology and some workshop courses, and management courses.

There is a need for another major revision of Teacher Training Courses, regular courses in B.Ed. (Tech), and Higher Diploma Courses, and conversion to a modular system. Some courses are already being offered on modular basis.